Curcuma


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Curcuma

 

a genus of herbaceous plants of the family Zin-giberaceae. They are perennial plants, 0.5–3 m tall, with thick rootstocks. The leaves are usually large and lance-shaped or oblong. The flowers are in dense, spike-like inflorescences surrounded by bracts that are sometimes brightly colored. There are more than 40 species, mainly in tropical Asia and a few in northern Australia and tropical Africa. Many species of Curcuma have long been cultivated as food, spice, and medicinal plants. The most important is turmeric (C. longa), whose aromatic rootstock is used as an ingredient in spicy seasonings. The yellow dye obtained from it is used to dye fabrics and color butter and cheeses. The rootstock of C. zedoaria is used in medicine and perfumery; a starchy meal (a substitute for arrowroot) is obtained from it and from other species.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Growth, yield and quality of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) cultivated in dark-red soil, gray soil and red soil in Okinawa Japan.
The Curcuma zedoaria used in the study was manufactured by the phytotherapeutic laboratory Panizza (Taboao da Serra, Brazil).
Cytotoxicity, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of curcumins I-III from Curcuma longa.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) attenuates food allergy symptoms by regulating type 1/type 2 helper T cells (Th1/Th2) balance in a mouse model of food allergy.
Exploring the role of curcumin containing ethanolic extract obtained from Curcuma longa (rhizomes) against retardation of wound healing process by aspirin.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa, belonging to the Zingiberaceae family), an extensively cultivated perennial herb in Southeast Asia, has long been used as a part of food due to its multiple health benefits (Chan et al., 2009).
This study demonstrated that Curcuma domestica extract was not significantly different compared to diclofenac sodium in suppressing the secretion of cycloxygenase-2 enzyme.
The plant material of Azadirachta indica, Caralluma fiimbriata, Allium sativum, Curcuma longa, Citrullus colocynthis and Calotropis procera, was dried in an oven at 45[degrees]C temperature until reaching constant weight.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial flowering plant of the ginger family, It is a natural spice that had the proven power to reduce or eliminate inflammation--which is the underlying cause of so many serious health disorders.
MiraGloss cream comes with the same formula, containing Butyrospermum Parkii (or Shea Butter), Cera Alba, Curcuma longa root extract, Aloe Barbadensis leaf juice, and Citrus Limon Peel Oil.