Curia


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Curia

 

(1) In ancient Rome, an association of certain patrician families (gentes) that was analogous to the Greek phratry. According to tradition there were 30 curiae, ten in each tribe. Originally the curia was part of the clan organization—possibly, a men’s group connected with coming-of-age ceremonies. (There is evidence for this hypothesis in the worship of the goddess Juno, which was associated with initiations—rituals during which a youth was consecrated as a man.) During the period when the state was formed the curiae became extremely important military and political cells in Roman society. Evidently, each curia was headed by an elected curio who had priestly functions. Each curia had its own place for holding assemblies (which was also called the curia), as well as its own sanctuaries.

The curiate assembly (comitia curiata)— that is, assembly of male soldiers—elected kings during the royal period and magistrates in the early stages of the republic. But with the establishment of the centuriate assembly (comitia centuriata), the curiae confirmed elected officials and entrusted the symbols of authority to them. Under the republic all the curiae were headed by a grand curio, and plebeians were allowed to vote in the curiate assembly. During the imperial period the curiae came to be known as municipal councils.

(2) In Western Europe during the Middle Ages the feudal curia was a council consisting of a lord and his vassals. The royal curia (Curia Regis)—a feudal curia made up of the king’s direct vassals—was an advisory assembly of feudal magnates convoked by the king and granted broad but not strictly defined functions, most of which were judicial. As the royal power grew stronger, this curia became a more limited council of the king’s closest advisers (the Royal Council). Moreover, financial and judicial affairs were assigned to special offices.

(3) The Roman curia (Curia Romana) is made up of a number of institutions that are subordinate to the pope.

(4) In bourgeois countries and in prerevolutionary Russia curiae were separate categories into which voters were divided according to property, nationality, and other criteria (electoral curiae).

curia

The council house in a Roman municipality.
References in periodicals archive ?
La domanda era d'obbligo per il fatto che alcuni autori ritengono che la riforma della Curia Romana attuata da Papa Pio X deve essere compresa anche quale risultato delle chiarificazioni che l'opera di codificazione apportavano alla legislazione canonica.
Ma la riforma della Curia Romana apri la strada ad altre riforme.
Es decir, por un lado, una parte pastoral, que suponemos que va a manejar Bergoglio, y, en otra esfera, la curia vaticana.
En este trabajo nos ocupamos del servicio al Romano Pontifice en la Curia romana en sentido lato, que incluye los dicasterios, otros organismos, comisiones e instituciones vinculadas a la Santa sede y las legaciones apostolicas (2).
Rodriguez Maradiaga said the new offices and upcoming reforms not only streamline the Curia, but also "emphasize the importance of the laity in the church and for the church" by allowing the possibility for a layperson to head a dicastery
The dysfunctional Curia played a role in ending the papacy of Francis's predecessor, Pope Benedict, who resigned in 2013 after a spate of leaked documents.
The reform of the Curia has been a key element in the vision of Pope Francis.
Considerando los ultimos ciento diez anos, esta es la cuarta reforma de la Curia que se emprende (2).
Va mas alla: no se trata de una reforma de apariencia ni estetica, como una especie de estiramiento facial o maquillaje para embellecer el rostro mas antiguo de la curia, como una cirugia para eliminar las arrugas.
El edificio de la curia se caracteriza por la exclusividad de lineas estructurales horizontales y verticales, aportando una optima estabilidad de los elementos que componen el edificio.
In this gentle yet overpowering light of the divine countenance of the Christ Child, I have chosen as the theme of this, our yearly meeting, the reform of the Roman Curia. It seemed to me right and fitting to share with you the framework of the reform, to point out its guiding principles, the steps taken so far, but above all the logic behind every step already taken and what is yet to come.
There are theological reasons for criticizing the very existence of the Curia, given the questionable foundations for its existence and power.