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(bôr`kōl), and


common names for nonheading, hardy types of cabbagecabbage,
leafy garden vegetable of many widely dissimilar varieties, all probably descended from the wild, or sea, cabbage (Brassica oleracea) of the family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae; mustard family), found on the coasts of Europe.
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 (var. acephala and sometimes others), with thick stems and curly leaves, belonging to the family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae; mustardmustard,
common name for the Cruciferae, or Brassicaceae, a large family chiefly of herbs of north temperate regions. The easily distinguished flowers of the Cruciferae have four petals arranged diagonally ("cruciform") and alternating with the four sepals.
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 family). They are grown for greens and, in Europe, for fodder. In the Channel Islands a tall fodder variety, known as Jersey kale, Jersey cabbage, or cow cabbage, grows to more than 7 ft (2.1 m). Kale (or kail) is a cool-weather crop—frost improves the flavor. In the United States the principal commercial growing regions are in Virginia and on Long Island. Kale is closest in form to the wild cabbage. In Scotland the word kale is used for cabbages of any kind. Sea kale is a European herb of another mustard genus Crambe, found along the northern coasts and often used as a potherb. Kale, borecole, and collards are all classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Capparales (or Brassicales), family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


Either of two biennial crucifers, Brassica oleracea var. acephala and B. fimbriata, in the order Capparales, grown for the nutritious curled green leaves.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


, kail
a cultivated variety of cabbage, Brassica oleracea acephala, with crinkled leaves: used as a potherb
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Add the curly kale (stem removed) to a pan of boiling salted water and cook for two minutes.
For my main course I went for Brian's Black Beef, fillet steak with oxtail and potato terrine, wilted curly kale, carrots, salsify and roasted shallots, while Marie-Pierre chose grilled fillet of halibut with pine nut crust, puy lentil casserole, parsnips, red chard and Snowdonia oyster mushroom sauce.
Sure to be popular for mains are the grilled Scottish Sirloin steak and new season's hake or customers can savour the braised pork shoulder medallions, while for vegetarians there is a tasty leek risotto, all accompanied by fresh, spring vegetables such as curly kale and roasted beetroot.
There are several varieties of kale; these include curly kale, ornamental kale, and dinosaur (or Tuscan) kale, all of which differ in taste, texture, and appearance.
Spaghetti with Onions and Kale 2 teaspoons olive oil 1 onion, sliced and separated into rings 1 shallot, chopped 1 clove garlic, crushed 3 cups shredded curly kale 1 cup chicken stock 2 cups cooked spaghetti Freshly grated Parmesan cheese Heat a large skillet over medium-high heat.
Commonly available greens include curly kale, collards, Swiss chard, spinach, turnip, beet, mustard, and dandelion, plus a huge variety of lettuces.
Its blistery leaves have given rise to innovative names like "dinosaur" kale, but the Italians simply call it cavolo lacinato, or curly kale. It is sweet and delicious and so hardy it can be harvested under a foot of snow.
Ingredients 1 large onion, halved and sliced 3 tbsp Madras curry paste 400g can chopped tomatoes 2 tsp vegetable bouillon powder 25g red lentils 210g can chickpeas (don't drain) 1 tbsp grated ginger 1 tsp cumin seeds 1 cinnamon stick 75g curly kale 2 lean lamb steaks, fat removed, diced (about 240g) cooked brown rice, to serve Method Put all of the ingredients into the slow cooker pot with a third of a can of water 1 and stir well.
She couldn't give a curly kale what anyone thinks of her eccentricities.
Supermarkets generally stock curly kale, the variety with the sturdy, silvery green, ru'ed leaves.
"We'll also be bringing plenty of pumpkins - great with Halloween just around the corner - plus a really tasty harvest of tomatoes, chillies, curly kale and chard, onions, apples, pears, and some gorgeous autumn fruit preserves and jams made by allotment holders.