Curtis, Samuel Ryan

(redirected from Curtiss, Glenn Hammond)

Curtis, Samuel Ryan

Curtis, Samuel Ryan, 1805–66, Union general in the Civil War, b. Clinton co., N.Y., grad. West Point, 1831. Curtis won a decisive victory at Pea Ridge (1862) and was therefore promoted to major general. He commanded the Dept. of Missouri (1862–63), the Dept. of Kansas (1864–65), and the Dept. of the Northwest (1865). His last services (1865–66) were in negotiating treaties with the Native Americans and in reporting on the construction of the new Union Pacific RR.

Curtiss, Glenn Hammond

Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878–1930, American inventor and aviation pioneer, b. Hammondsport, N.Y. He was a member of Alexander Graham Bell's Aerial Experiment Association (1907–9). In 1908 he made the first public flights in the United States, and in 1909 he established the first flying school there. His greatest triumph was his then daring and spectacular flight from Albany to New York City in 1910. In 1911, Curtiss invented ailerons, which he attached to his newly developed seaplane. He organized (1916) the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Corp., which built many planes for the Allied nations during World War I. After the war Curtiss continued to contribute radical improvements in the design of both planes and motors.

Bibliography

See biographies by C. C. Roseberry (1972) and C. Studer (1937, repr. 1972); study by S. Shulman (2002).

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