Customs Law


Also found in: Acronyms.

Customs Law

 

an aggregate of legal norms regulating the activities of customs offices in the economic protection of state borders and in tariff policy. Customs offices supervise the import and export of goods and the collection of customs duties. They follow the norms of customs law set forth in the various branches of state law, for example, constitutional, administrative, and finance law. Laws that directly regulate customs offices are usually included in special acts, such as customs codes and instructions.

Although part of administrative law, customs law is closely related to international law. Many bilateral and multilateral international treaties have been concluded on customs. They include the International Convention for the Publication of Customs Tariffs (July 5,1890, Brussels), the International Convention Relating to the Simplification of Customs Formalities (Nov. 3, 1923, Geneva), the Convention Concerning Customs Facilities for Touring (June 4, 1954, New York), the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Oct. 30, 1947, Geneva), and the Agreement on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters Between Bulgaria, Hungary, the German Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Poland, Rumania, the USSR, and Czechoslovakia (July 5, 1962, Berlin). Customs law and international law are also interconnected in the regulation of state borders, customs territory, and respect for diplomatic immunity.

References in periodicals archive ?
Completion of the draft customs law and executive regulations is expected within days, so they are issued together," Abd El Aziz said.
The House should issue a motion to enact a federal customs law sooner than later," he said.
The government is expected to introduce the amendment to the Customs Law in the next legislative session of Parliament.
Speaking at the conference, Mohammed Al Haif, director of the GCC Customs Union department, GCC General Secretariat, outlined plans to develop GCC-wide customs laws to make the import and export of petrochemical products more efficient, such as the introduction of dedicated truck lanes for petrochemicals at ports.
He urged all businesses operating in the free zones and customs zones to abide by the unified customs law of the GCC and avail of the facilities instead of evading the customs fees.
Serbia's new customs law may cause serious problems for the country, as the governments of the other Danube states may react negatively to the ships being detained, and, moreover, if too many vessels are apprehended in a single place, that might lead to an accident, the Serbian press has commented.
The reference is designed to offer guidance on the "ins and outs of EU customs law so that professionals can help their clients avoid EU customs audits, minimize customs duty, streamline transactions and stay in full compliance," Kluwer Law said.
ANKARA, Mar 23, 2009 (TUR) -- Turkish State Minister and Deputy Premier Hayati Yazici said on Sunday that the government was preparing to introduce a bill to amend the country's customs law to ease problems particularly in exporting goods and services.
Dubai Customs, being committed to international laws and agreements and the Common Customs Law of the GCC States, is always on the lookout for people attempting to bring into the country prohibited items, including endangered animals and manufactured products," added Al-Sahlawi.
The suspects were taken before Limassol District Court yesterday and charged with conspiracy to commit a crime, paying off a civil servant, abuse of authority and offences in breach of customs law.
Tokyo and Beijing already have a customs cooperation accord, but separate arrangements are needed for Macao and Hong Kong because the customs law in mainland China is not effective in those territories, a ministry official said.
The Panel Report of June 16, 2006 concluded that the administration of European customs law is in several ways inconsistent with GATT 1994.

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