The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a village in Lombardy, Italy, 20 km southwest of Verona; two battles were fought in this region.

(1) During the Austro-Italian War of 1848–49 on July 25, 1848, the Italian Army (44,000 men), under the command of the Sardinian king Charles Albert, because of inadequate leadership, was defeated by the Austrian Army (52,000 men), under the command of Field Marshal Joseph Radetzky; after this, on August 9, Charles Albert concluded an ignominious truce.

(2) During the Austro-Italian War of 1866 a battle occurred on June 24 between the Italian Army (107,000 men and 192 guns), under the command of the Italian king Victor Emmanuel II (the chief of army staff, General La Marmora, was actually in command) and the Austrian Army (75,000 men and 178 guns), under the command of Archduke Albert. The battle proceeded with variable success, depending on the numbers of the forces coming from the interior. The Austrians, concentrating their superior forces at Custozza, hurled back the Italians but did not pursue them, and this saved the Italian Army from being totally routed. The defeat at Custozza forced Italy temporarily to give up launching another offensive on Venice.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The rehabilitation The construction 2011- 2012 of the interior zone of Custozza Plaza of Vauban Borough The modernization 2011- present of the streets situated n the historical center 5.
Not only did Benedek and most of the Army of the North survive to fight another day, but the Austrians had another entire field army--the Army of the South fresh from victory at Custozza, to assist them.
Italia, a fost infranta la Custozza (batalie terestra) si Lisa (batalie navala), dar prin infrangerea Austriei la Koniggratz si prin abilul joc politic al lui Napoleon III, Italia a putut obtine Venetia (40).
Albrecht's handling of the battle of Custozza, while disjointed given the nature of the terrain, bought Austria a victory that allowed it to withdraw substantial forces for the protection of Vienna after Koniggratz.
What is more, the historical climax of the film is the battle of Custozza, lost by Italians in 1866; although defeated, Italy gains Venice and its province whereas the Austrians, who have won, leave the Peninsula for all time.
This is particularly clear with the battle of Custozza. The filmmaker has closely scrutinised a huge painting by Giovanni Fattori and has reordered in sequences what was shown simultaneously on the canvas.
W., von, A Tactical Study Based on the Battle of Custozza. Reprint, New York, 1968.
Principal battles: Novara (1849); Palestro (1859); Castelfidardo (near Osimo) (1860); siege of Gaeta (1861); Aspromonte (1862); Custozza II (Custoza, near Verona) (1866).
Principal battles: Solferino (1859); Custozza (near Verona) (1866).
Principal battles: Fleurus (1794), Aspern-Essling, Wagram (1809); Leipzig (1813); Custozza (near Verona) (1848); Novara (1849).
Principal battles: Custozza (Custoza, near Verona) (1866); Adowa (Adua, near Asmera) (1896).