bicycle racing

(redirected from Cycle racing)

bicycle racing

or

cycling,

an internationally popular sport conducted on closed courses or the open road. Track racing takes place at a velodrome, usually a banked 1,093.6 ft (.333 km) oval. Olympic medals are awarded in individual and team track events, including the sprint, which features a duel between two finalists. Another track event is the pursuit, in which racers begin at opposite sides of the circuit and attempt to catch each other. The Olympics include road races, but the best-known road events are grueling multiday races, especially the Tour de France (begun in 1903), which covers some 2,500 mi (4,000 km) in more than 20 daily stages. Tour de France cyclists ride for teams that share prize money and employ various strategies to aid each other, but an individual winner emerges from both time trials and races over varied terrain, including downhill mountain rides at speeds above 70 mph (113 kph). The Tour is the best known of cycling's Grand Tours; the Giro d'Italia (begun 1909) and Vuelta a España (begun 1935) are the other two. In 1996 mountain biking, featuring varied off-road events (cross-country, hill climb, slalom), debuted as an Olympic event. Cyclocross, long popular in Europe and gaining in the United States, involves racing around an obstacle-filled course.

In recent years, professional bicycle racing has been marred by revelations of the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Several favorites were barred from the 2006 Tour de France as a result of doping charges, and the winner that year, American Floyd Landis, tested positive for high testosterone levels (and presumed testosterone use) and was ultimately stripped of the title. In addition, the long-dominant Lance ArmstrongArmstrong, Lance,
1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont twice and was being hailed as the finest U.S. cyclist.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was accused, after his retirement, of doping by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and others. A 2012 report on professional bicycle racing the agency revealed the most egregious doping scandal and the most complex conspiracy to date in any competitive sport. It led the International Cycling Union, which governs the sport, to strip Armstrong (who asserted his innocence until 2013) of his Tour de France titles and to bar him for life from the sport.

Bibliography

See T. Hamilton, The Secret Race (with D. Coyle, 2012).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Veteran spectators of cycle racing know that even a single stage contains many races - from formally designated sprints and lung-busting climbs to the spontaneous battles between riders, teams and even whole crowds of Lycra-clad bodies.
'Samagi Cycle Tour - 2018' shield was clinched by Jeewan Jayasinghe of Sri Lanka Air force who is the South Asian Gold medal winner for cycle racing. Second and third places of the 'Samagi Cycle Tour - 2018' were secured by Sanath Jayasinghe (Sri Lanka Army) and Nishantha Perera (Dehiwala- Mt Lavinia Municipal Council).
"To generate PS50m on race weekend and attract many visitors to the county just demonstrates how popular cycle racing in Yorkshire has become and how valuable hosting the races is to our regional economy.
BENEFITS: Cyclo-cross is off-road cycle racing on grass and tracks, up and down banks, on a circuit of up to one mile in length.
The dead, whose mangled bodies were covered with sheets in a dramatic scene on the road, were members of a local amateur cycle racing team ranging in age from 35 to 58 who had been cycling on a road near Lamezia Terme in the southern Italian region of Calabria.
ONE of Welsh cycle racing's biggest events last night confirmed it has a major new sponsor.
Another bumper year for cycle racing in the North East is promised with The League International set to repeat its successful race format of last year.
William Fotheringham's CYCLE RACING: HOW TO TRAIN, RACE AND WIN (1554070139, $19.95) is aimed at competitive cyclers and covers everything from equipment and training to diet, health and undertaking successful races.
THE cycle racing champions of the Kirkby Track League and the British Cycling Federation (Merseyside) come up for their awards at Kirkby Sports Centre tomorrow (7.30pm).
But motor cycle racing is a dangerous sport, whether on the roads on on a track.
A proposal to link the British Cycling Federation's Under-23 team to the Linda McCartney professional cycle racing team - led by former Tour de France hero Sean Yates - has now fallen through.