Cyclohexanol


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cyclohexanol

[¦sī·klō′hek·sə‚nȯl]
(organic chemistry)
C6H11OH An oily, colorless, hygroscopic liquid with a camphorlike odor and a boiling point of 160.9°C; used in soapmaking, insecticides, dry cleaning, plasticizers, and germicides. Also known as hexahydrophenol.

Cyclohexanol

 

an alicyclic alcohol having the structural formula

Cyclohexanol occurs as colorless crystals with a weak camphorlike odor. It has a melting point of 25.15°C, a boiling point of 161.1°C, and a density of 0.942 g/cm3 at 30°C. It is 4–5 percent soluble in water at 20°C and is miscible with most organic solvents. It dissolves many oils, waxes, and polymers.

Cyclohexanol forms all the derivatives that are characteristic of alcohols; these derivatives include alcoholates and esters. The catalytic oxidation of cyclohexanol with atmospheric oxygen produces cyclohexanone and, under more extreme conditions, adipic acid. Cyclohexanol is readily dehydrated to form cyclohexene, C6H10. Methods of producing cyclohexanol include the hydrogenation of phenol and the oxidation of cyclohexane, in the latter case usually in a mixture with cyclohexanone. Cyclohexanol is used as a solvent; it also serves as an intermediate in the production of caprolactam, the polymer of which is used in the production of polyamide fiber.

References in periodicals archive ?
In order to understand specific intermolecular interactions between 2,5 hexandione with cyclopentanol or cyclohexanol mixtures (binary and ternary systems, the density and viscosity measurements for these systems at 298.15, 303.15, 308.15 and 313.15 K have been studied.
The main volatiles responsible for the clustering included organic acids such as propanoic, butanoic, and heptanoic acids; alcohols such as linalool, benzeneethanol, 2,3-butanediol, cyclohexanol, 2-heptanol, 2-octanol, and 3-octen-1-ol; aldehydes and ketones such as 1-phenyl ethenone, 2-undecanone, and butanal; esters like 2-pentanol acetate, hydrocarbons such as nonacosane and 1,3 cyclohexadiene, among others (Figure 2).
Yin, "Photocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide over Zn[Fe.sub.2][O.sub.4]/Ti[O.sub.2] nanobelts heterostructure in cyclohexanol," Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol.
In all the experiments 2,4-DCP (purity>99%) of Alfa Aesar, 2-CP (purity>98%) of Fluka and following chemicals of Merck 4-CP (purity>98%), cyclohexanol (purity>98%), cyclohexanone (purity>98%), phenol (purity>99%) and sodium hydroxide (purity 99-100%) were used.
The polymerization mixture of methacrylate monoliths consists of a solution containing glycidyl methacrylate (20%), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (15.5%), butyl methacrylate (3.5%), AIBN (1wt% with respect to monomers), and 1-dodecanol (30%) and cyclohexanol (30%) was vortexed for 10 min and purged with nitrogen for 10 min in order to remove oxygen.
Additionally, compounds 1 and 2, representing rare coumaroyl- and benzoyl-glycosides with cyclohexanol substitution were isolated of which compound 2 is a new one.
The cyclohexanol formed as a byproduct distilled out by high vaccum.
5) describes the development of rubber-phenolic resin compounds via mill addition of chlorohydrine or cyclohexanol which were claimed to act as co-solvents.
hexactis and placed them individually in glass finger bowls with 300 mL seawater and several crystals of menthol (5-methyl-2-(1-methylethyl) cyclohexanol).
and immobilize them within mesoporous Al-MCM-41.Then, she investigated catalytic behaviors of the synthesized compounds in oxidation of cyclohexane by hydrogen peroxide (a powerful oxidizing agent)."Among all the synthesized catalysts, [Fe(bpy)2Cl2]+/Al-MCM-41 and Fe(III)/Al-MCM-41 provided the best and the worst efficiency values of 60% and 3% respectively," Poorkhosravani reiterated.She continued saying that in optimal conditions (in terms of duration and amount of catalyst), the catalyst [Fe(bpy)2Cl2]+/Al-MCM-41 is able to convert cyclohexane to cyclohexanone plus cyclohexanol directly with an efficiency of 76%.
Influence of tramadol [2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1 (3-methoxyphenyl) cyclohexanol hydrate] on corrosion inhibition of mild steel in acidic media.