Cyclohexanone


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Related to Cyclohexanone: methyl cyclohexanone

cyclohexanone

[¦sī·klō′hek·sə‚nōn]
(organic chemistry)
C6H10O An oily liquid with an odor suggesting peppermint and acetone; soluble in alcohol, ether, and other organic solvents; used as an industrial solvent, in the production of adipic acid, and in the preparation of cyclohexanone resins.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cyclohexanone

 

(also pimelic ketone), an alicyclic ketone. A colorless liquid with a sharp odor, similar to that of acetone, cyclohexane has the structural formula

It has a melting point of –40.2°C, a boiling point of 155.6°C, and a density of 0.946 g/cm3 at 20°C. It is approximately 7 percent soluble in water at 20°C and is miscible with most organic solvents. Cyclohexanone dissolves cellulose nitrates, cellulose acetates, fats, waxes, polyvinyl chloride, and many natural resins. It has all the chemical properties that are characteristic of ketones.

Cyclohexanone is industrially obtained by the catalytic oxidation of cyclohexane, usually in a mixture with cyclohexanol, or by the catalytic oxidation of cyclohexanol. It is used mainly as a solvent and also as an intermediate in the production of caprolactam and adipic acid, which are starting materials for the manufacture of polyamides.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Solvent bondable with typically used solvents in the industry like cyclohexanone (CH), THF or MEK.
All the synthesized polyurethanes were soluble in many of the common aprotic solvents, such as cyclohexanone, DMF, DMAc, DMSO, and NMP, indicating that polyurethanes offer good processability and thus, optical quality thin films could be easily prepared from their solutions.
Cyclohexanone is an oily liquid that is mainly used in industrial chemical production for the organic synthesis of adipic acid, caprolactam, polyvinyl chloride and its copolymers, and methacrylate ester polymers (OECD, 1996).
For particleboard finished with acrylic water-based paint, the ethanediol, 1,2-propylene glycol, aromatic hydrocarbons, methylbenzene, xylene, and cyclohexanone should be controlled.
Cyclohexanone can be harmful if inhaled, phenol is known to be acutely toxic and to presumably have mutagenic potential and isophorone is a category 2 carcinogen, which means that this is a suspect substance in the development of cancer in humans, Medical Xpress reported.
Commonly, different kinds of methods are known for the large scale production of cyclohexanone by the conversion of cyclohexanol [7, 8].
Synthesis of polymers (PTpC and PCzC) and polymer-QDs nanocomposites (PTpC-QDs and PCzC-QDs): Cyclohexanone, 4,4'-diformyltriphenylamine, 9-(2-ethylhexyl)carbazole-3,6-dicarboxaldehyde, sodium hydroxide, ethanol, and QDs (CdSeS@ZnS for red, CdZnSeS@ZnS for green, and CdZnS@ZnS for blue) were used to synthesize PTpC, PCzC, PTpC-QDs, and PCzC-QDs.
Compound (2E, 6E)-2,6-bis (2-(trifluoromethyl) benzylidene) cyclohexanone (C66) is a synthetic derivative of natural active curcumin.
Hyperplasia of the urinary bladder transitional epithelium was observed in mice exposed to MEKO but not with a similar chemical, cyclohexanone oxime.
First, the effects of APAP on responses to the prooxidant irritant acrolein and the nonoxidant irritant cyclohexanone were examined to confirm whether any effects of APAP were oxidant-specific rather than generalized in nature.
It details conditions of typical syntheses, limitations of their applicability, and the possibility of vinyl chloride or dichloroethane application instead of acetylene; chemical engineering aspects of the first synthesis of tetrahydroindole and indole from commercially available oxime of cyclohexanone and acetylene; new facets of pyrroles and N-vinyl pyrroles reactivity in the reactions with the participation of the pyrrole ring and N-vinyl groups; and about 1,000 structures of novel pyrrole compounds and their yields and physical-chemical characteristics.