Cyclopean


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Cyclopean

(sīkləpē`ən), name often applied to a primitive method of prehistoric masonry construction, found throughout Greece, Italy, and the Middle East. The term is derived from Cyclopes, the mythological beings who were supposed to have built walls in this manner. The Cyclopean technique involves the use of huge, irregular boulders, carefully fitted together without the use of mortar, thereby creating a massive wall with an uneven face. These walls were characteristic of Mycenaean civilizationMycenaean civilization
, an ancient Aegean civilization known from the excavations at Mycenae and other sites. They were first undertaken by Heinrich Schliemann and others after 1876, and they helped to revise the early history of Greece. Divided into Early Helladic (c.
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. Remaining examples are found at Knossos, Mycenae, Tiryns, and Athens. There are many Cyclopean walls in Etruscan and Anatolian architecture. Somewhat similar examples are seen in China, Japan, and Peru.

cyclopean

[¦sī·klə¦pē·ən]
(materials)
Mass concrete with aggregate larger than 6 inches (15 centimeters); used for thick structures such as dams.
(petrology)

Cyclopean

Cyclopean, 1 wall
1. Describing prehistoric masonry, made of huge stone blocks laid without mortar.
2. Megalithic.
References in periodicals archive ?
And we could get a sense of how successful we've been in treating amblyopia if we see activity in V2 shift back toward a cyclopean representation.
To add to her cyclopean effect, when Hulot and we had looked down on the 4-by-6 grid of cubicles from above, it was clear that, as with the blinking red eye in the centre of the rectangular console, the receptionist-dispatcher moves in regular motions on a fixed position in the centre of a patterned grid containing activity within its seemingly programmed spaces.
Sir Courtenay Ilbert called Stephen 'a Cyclopean builder.
They traced the upper Acropolis and the Cyclopean walls.
Once more along those tranquil countrysides, upon quiet lakes crowned by hills, in the famous villas, between the wreckage of the cyclopean walls and the truncated columns of the Etruscan necropolises, spreads a breath of free life and a sound of free swords.
Taula precincts together with cyclopean towers talayots, and naveta tombs are the visible archaeological remains of the Talayotic culture on the islands.
If Urizen therefore appears to man as an all-seeing metaphysical eye (as in the frontispiece to Visions of the Daughters of Albion), that is because he is, in reality, mankind's collective blind spot, a Cyclopean abstraction from the many different vanishing-points generated during the course of each individual's movement through life.
Here we have the circular, infinite "o" of Hayden's "our," cyclopean vision.
Thus ever seems it when my soul can hear The voice that errs not; then my triumph gleams O'er the blank ocean beckoning, and all night My heart flies on before me as I sail; Far on I see my lifelong enterprise, I see the ungated wall of chaos old, With blocks Cyclopean hewn of solid night, Fade like a wreath of unreturning mist Before irreversible feet of light;-- And lo, with what clear omen in the east On day's gray threshold stands the eager dawn, Like young Leander rosy from the sea Glowing at Hero's lattice
Before the Eiffel Tower had risen higher than its cyclopean feet, writes Frederick Brown, author of numerous books on French history and culture, a "Protestation des Artistes" was published in a leading newspaper.
It is Ratero, rather, emerging from his cave with his blinkered Cyclopean consciousness, who is most suggestive of monstrosity; and by pitting Luis against the atavistic Ratero in this way, Delibes shows modernity defeating its own monster, closing one era, opening another.
Second, it reveals the false foundation of humanism in its hinting of our unconscious awareness of the cosmic indifferentist truth about the human condition, a reality of which the professor becomes (consciously) cognizant when he reads the bas-reliefs of the Cyclopean city: we are not the first intelligent species to have populated the Earth; we were made by accident by superior, alien entities; and, in a manner similar to our interaction with species we deem to be inferior to ours, these beings used us for "food and sometimes as [.