Cyclopia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Wikipedia.

cyclopia

[sī′klō·pē·ə]
(medicine)
A congenital anomaly characterized by fusion of the eye sockets with various degrees of fusion of the eyes, to the occurrence of a single median eye.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cyclopia

 

a developmental anomaly in humans and animals, in which a single eye is located in the middle of the forehead or two eyeballs grow in a single eye socket. Cyclopia occurs when the primordium of the eye fails to divide normally. It is usually combined with other developmental anomalies. Infants stricken with cyclopia die within weeks after birth.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The mutant fly could also be used to study the biology of cyclopia at a higher resolution and help devise gene correction strategies for prevention or possible treatment of the disorder.
While other breast cancer drugs appeared to increase the risk of cancer of the uterus, Visser's study suggested that Cyclopia extracts did not have this effect.
Explain to students that in order to test our hypothesis that cyclopamine is inhibiting Shh signaling and that this in turn is causing cyclopia, we need to check the expression pattern of Shh to see if it is expressed in the right place and at the right time during development.
Eight malformation monitoring systems around the world jointly studied the epidemiology of these rare malformations: 102 infants with cyclopia, 96 with sirenomelia, and one with both conditions were identified among nearly 10.1 million births.
It is seen that the occurrence of cyclopia type malformations also induce by ingestion of some alkaloid containing plant, like Veratrum californicum which has common name as skunk cabbage, western helibore, palls helibore and wild corn.
Prenatal diagnosis of cyclopia associated to trisomy 13
A good example is a paper by Marnewick and colleagues that examined the modulation of hepatic metabolizing enzymes and oxidative status by rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), green and black teas (Camellia sinensis) and honeybush tea (Cyclopia intermedia) in rats (Marnewick JL, Joubert E, Swart P et al.
The goat, with the bizarre features, is said to be suffering from a deformity called cyclopia. Cyclops animals are the result of mutations that are almost always fatal before or shortly after birth.
Cyclopia maculata and Cyclopia subtemata (honeybush tea) inhibits adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes.
Inhibition of tumour promotion in mouse skin by extracts of rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) and honeybush (Cyclopia intermedia), unique South African herbal teas.