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Crete: see KhaniáKhaniá
or Canea
, ancient Gr. Cydonia , city (1991 pop. 50,077), capital of Khaniá prefecture, NW Crete, Greece, a port on the Gulf of Khaniá, an arm of the Sea of Crete. Olives, citrus fruits, and wine are shipped.
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a genus of plants of the family Rosaceae, subfamily Pomoideae. It is represented by one species, the common quince(Cydonia oblonga).

Quince grows on a small tree or shrub, 1.5–5 m tall, with simple, smooth-edged leaves and single white or pink flowers. The fruit is yellow, the pulp astringent with stone cells. Wild quince is common in the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and Iran. It is cultivated in the Mediterranean area, western Central Europe, North America, Japan, and elsewhere. In the USSR quince is grown in Central Asia, Transcaucasia, Moldavia, the Lower Volga region, the Ukraine, and the southern RSFSR.

The fruit contains 7.22–15.06 percent sugars, 0.24–1.26 percent organic acids, and 0.18–0.98 percent pectin. It is used to make jam, compote, jelly, candied peels, and marmalade. Quince is used as stock for pears. The best varieties of quince in the USSR are Samarkandskaia krupnoplodnaia, Khorezmskaia iablokovidnaia, Anzherskaia, and Maslianaia ranniaia. Quince grows in dwarf forms (1–2 m) with small fruit (30–40 g) and tall-growing forms (8–10 m) with large fruit (2–2.5 kg). Quince is propagated by slips and cuttings and by grafting and is cultivated in the same manner as other fruit trees. It is injured by such pests as the apple aphid and the apple worm and is subject to attack by rust and black rot.


Deviatov, A. S. Aiva, 2nd ed. Stalingrad, 1960.
Gorin, T. I. Aiva, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.


References in periodicals archive ?
EDIBLE quince, cydonia oblonga, is a small, deciduous thornless, irregular shaped tree up to 12ft high.
degrees]) (4) Apricot tree Prunus armeniaca+ (1) Quince tree Cydonia oblonga+ (1) Dogwood Cornus sanguinea ([degrees]) (1) Woodbine Ampelopsis sp.
The Knights of Cydonia hit-makers are keen to travel on Richard Branson's Virgin Galactic intergalactic flight when the scheme takes off, and insisted they'd use the experience to add a new dimension to their career.
amygdalus; frutales de pepita como Malus syivestris, Cydonia oblonga, Pyrus communis y otras de menor importancia economica (Ben Dov, 2008; Charles & Henderson, 2002; Gill, 1997; Davidson & Miller, 1990; Gonzalez, 1981).
The quince tree of the fruit orchard is yet another plant, botanically Cydonia oblonga,.
The poll, for Total Guitar magazine, also placed the group, whose guitarist Matt Bellamy created the memorable lines, at No five with Knights Of Cydonia.
iam mihi per rupes videor lucosque sonantis ire, libet Partho torquere Cydonia cornu spicula--tamquam haec sit nostri medicina furoris, aut deus ille malis hominum mitescere discat.
A lengthy encore featured the galloping, cinematic sweep of "Knights of Cydonia," which still evokes the feel of a great, lost U.
So Proxima, which is located on Rome's Cinecitta lot and provides f/x tweaks for many prominent Italian pics including recent Nanni Moretti starrer "Quiet Chaos," has set up its own school and a production shingle called Cydonia.
EDIBLE and exotic, quince - or cydonia - produce fragrant pink blossom followed by pearor apple-shaped fruits in autumn, which can be picked when soft and golden and used to make a flavoursome, aromatic jelly.