Cynanchum


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Cynanchum

 

a genus of woody lianas of the family Asclepiadaceae. The leaves are opposite. The flowers are pentamerous and in axillary or apical umbellate inflorescences. The corolla is rotate. Growths of anther filaments form a double crown that encloses the corolla opening. The fruit is composed of one or, less commonly, two follicles; the seeds are tufted.

There are approximately five species (according to other data, 150), distributed in temperate, tropical, and subtropical belts. Four species occur in the USSR. The most well-known species is C. acutum, which is found in the southern European USSR, in the Caucasus, in the Altai, and in Middle Asia (Lake Zaisan). The plant grows on seacoasts, along lakes and rivers, and on slopes. Rubber is contained in the leaves and stems, but it has no practical significance. Some species are poisonous. Plants of the genus Vinatoxicum are frequently included in the genus Cynanchum.

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The newly discovered species, the Cynanchum malampayae, a new species of flowering plant, was named after the Malampaya Joint Venture Partners, which provides core-funding support to the foundation.
Immune-enhancing effects of a high molecular weight fraction of cynanchum wilfordii hemsley in macrophages and immunosuppressed mice.
Toxic elements (Al, Pb, As, and Cd) were already determined in the five medicinal plants mahareeb (Cymbopogon schoenanthus), sheeh (Artemisia vulgaris), harjal (Cynanchum argel delile), nabipoot (Equisetum arvense), and cafmariam (Vitex agnus-castus).
An, "Ionic liquid-assisted extraction of paeonol from cynanchum paniculatum," Chromatographia, vol.
In total, 28 medicinal species showed complete correspondence and 14 (Polygonum viviparum, Rumex acetosa, Tribulus terrestris, Paeonia obovata, Thlaspi arvense, Polygonatum odoratum, Actinidia arguta, Astragalus chrysopterus, Lespedeza bicolor, Solanum nigrum, Cynanchum wilfordii, Metaplexis japonica, Daucus carota, and Anaphalis sinica) showed partial correspondence.
REGISTROS # FAMILIA NOMBRE CIENTIFICO 1 Melastomataceae Brachyotum ledifolium 2 Asteraceae Ageratina tinifolia 3 Poaceae Calamagrostis effusa 4 Melastomataceae Bucquetia glutinosa 5 Coriariaceae Coriaria ruscifolia 6 Apocynaceae Cynanchum tenellum 7 Lamiaceae Salvia amethystina 8 Myrtaceae Myrcianthes rhopaloides 9 Scrophulariaceae Buddleja bullata 10 Solanaceae Jaltomata vidiriflora 11 Asteraceae Smallanthus sonchifolius 12 Lamiaceae Mentha spicata 13 Basellaceae Ullucus tuberosus 14 Rosaceae Sanguisorba minor 15 Lamiaceae Rosmarinus officinalis 16 Urticaceae Parietaria debilis 17 Lamiaceae Salvia sp.
Scientific name Common name Pre-1940 Alliaria petiolata garlic mustard Artemesia vulgaris mugwort Carduus nutans (D) musk thistle Centaurea stoebe spotted knapweed Cirsium arvense Canada thistle x Cirsium vulgare bull thistle x Clematis terniflora sweet autumn clematis Conium maculatum (D) poison hemlock Convolvulus arvense field bindweed x Coronilla varia (P) crown vetch x Cynanchum louiseae black swallow-wort x Daucus carota Queen Anne's lace x Dioscorea polystachya (D) Chinese yam Dipsacus fullonum common teasel x Dipsacus laciniatus cut-leaved teasel x Euphorbia esula leafy spurge x Glechoma hederacea creeping Charlie x Hesperis matronalis dame's rocket x Humulus japonicus (D) Japanese hops Hypericum perforatum St.
Methods: An active compound was purified from the roots of Cynanchum atratum Bunge (Asclepiadaceae) after screening 1640 plant extracts, and its inhibitory effects against MDR/XDR strains and synergistic effects with existing anti-TB drugs were assessed using the resazurin, MGIT, and checkboard assays.
* Combination of three Korean herbs: Cynanchum wilfordii, Phlomis umbrosa, and Angelica gigas Nakai.
Among lianas, bejuco de purgacion (Commicarpus scandens) is subdominant; and as aggregated species, there are bejuco angarilla (Serjania diversifolia), bejuco de berraco (Chiococca alba), amansa guapo (Triopteris rigida), Cynanchum sp.