Cynicism


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Cynicism

 

a nihilistic attitude toward the general culture, especially toward morality and the idea of human dignity and sometimes toward the official dogma of the prevailing ideology; it is expressed in the form of mockery.

Cynicism in behavior and beliefs is characteristic of people striving to achieve their egoistic goals by any means. On the social plane the phenomena of cynicism originate from two sources. First, there is the “cynicism of force,” which is practiced by the exploitative ruling groups who realize their power and self-seeking goals by openly immoral methods, including fascism and the cult of violence. Second, there are the rebellious moods and actions (for example, vandalism) of various social strata, groups, and individuals who are experiencing the oppression of injustice and inequality and the ideological and moral hypocrisy of the exploitative class, but who see no way out of their situation and thus find themselves in a state of total spiritual bankruptcy. Communist morality opposes cynicism in all of its manifestations.

Cynicism

See also Pessimism.
Antisthenes
(444–371 B. C.) Greek philosopher and founder of Cynic school. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 121]
Apemantus
churlish, sarcastic advisor of Timon. [Br. Lit.: Timon of Athens]
Backbite, Sir Benjamin
sarcastic would-be poet and wit. [Br. Lit.: School for Scandal]
Bierce, Ambrose
(1842–1914) acerbic journalist for San Francisco Examiner; nicknamed “Bitter Bierce.” [Am. Lit.: Hart, 77]
Diogenes
(412–323 B.C.) frustratedly looked everywhere for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Avery, 395]
Ferdinand
rogue drifter views all his experiences with profound cynicism. [Fr. Lit.: Journey to the End of the Night in Magill I, 453]
Lescaut
assured Geronte sister will succumb to his money. [Ital. Opera: Puccini, Manon Lescaut, Westerman, 346]
Pandarus
jaded about good graces of women. [Br. Lit.: Troilus and Cressida]
References in periodicals archive ?
To conclude, the present study reports on the investigation of the relationship between cognitive, affective and behavioral cynicism on the one hand and the three approaches of organizational commitment (affective, affective and normative) on the other.
In this sense, this research provides a new study that analyzes the influence of teacher's interpersonal relationships with students, coworkers, and superiors have in emotional exhaustion, cynicism and inefficacy of teachers.
There are three responses, namely, emotional exhaustion, cynicism and reduced professional efficacy.
In contrast, we expected that exposure to strategic content (Patterson, 1993) would lead to cynicism, which in turn would lead to abstention (Cappella & Jamieson, 1997) or frustrated vote switching (Zelle, 1995).
Second, it would be informative to expand the scope of cynicism research to include the direction of its target.
Because the ability of staff to take on greater responsibility for patient care could offload routine tasks from busy primary care providers, we hypothesized that PCP's perceptions of greater capability for panel management among staff would be associated with improved work experience for PCPs, as reflected in reduced emotional distancing from their work (cynicism) and improved perceptions of the "doability" of primary care.
Cynicism in police officers has been studied since the 1960's (Niederhoffer, 1967).
Thus, this paper focuses on how "organizational cynicism" may lead to alienation.
We also focused on the fact that cynicism can be a serious issue in public organizations, which, previously, were often characterized as being relatively free from fierce competition.
In light of our upcoming midterm elections, I have two fundamental disagreements with such pervasive cynicism.
Among his topics are naked in the marketplace, the courage and scourge of truth, Nancy Fraser's subaltern Weltb'rger blues, and defacing the political currency: cynicism as a normative perspective for critical theory.
Job burnout is usually described according to three dimensions: (a) overwhelming exhaustion, (b) feelings of cynicism and detachment from the job, and (c) a sense of ineffectiveness and lack of accomplishment.