Cynipoidea


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Cynipoidea

[‚sin·ə′pȯid·ē·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
A superfamily of hymenopteran insects in the suborder Apocrita.

Cynipoidea

 

a superfamily of hymenopterous insects that usually develop in plant tissues and cause the formation of galls. Occasionally, the Cynipoidea parasitize larvae of other insects that live in plant tissues. The body is black and measures 1–5 mm long; the wings contain few veins. The larvae are legless, C-shaped, and white. The galls formed by the insects have a shape and structure that is characteristic of each species of Cynipoidea; they are especially varied on oak trees and Rosaceae. There are about 1,900 species of Cynipoidea, mostly distributed in the northern hemisphere.

The summer offspring of Cynipoidea are bisexual and the spring offspring, parthenogenic. The structure of galls formed by bisexual and parthenogenic generations differs. The Cynipoidea that parasitize the larvae of such insects as the cabbage, turnip, and onion maggots are beneficial in that they destroy agricultural pests.

References in periodicals archive ?
Biology of Rhoophilus loewi (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Cynipidae), with implications for the evolution of inquilinism in gall wasps.
Se han descrito alrededor de 13.000 especies de insectos formadores de agallas que varian en complejidad de estructura y forma (Nieves-Aldrey 2001; Stone y Schonrogge 2003; Raman y Gupta 2007), siendo las avispas de la superfamilia Cynipoidea los inductores de agallas mas comunes, pero con requerimientos muy especificos de hospederos (Abrahamson et al.
An international team of researchers, including a scientist from the Agricultural Research Service, has published a new, online document called a "monograph" that will make it easier to identify and study wasps belonging to a group called the "Cynipoidea." While these wasps are common worldwide, the monograph focuses on species from the Afrotropical Region.
Ademas de los grupos de parasitoides que se tratan en este estudio, se registraron especies de hiperparasitoides de otras Familias: Encyrtidae, Pteromalidae (ambos Chalcidoidea), Megaspilidae (Ceraphronoidea), y Figitidae (Cynipoidea), aunque su representacion fue muy baja (en conjunto menos del 3% del total de parasitoides colectados N= 31.543).
A comparative study of the structures of phylogenetic importance of female genitalia of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera).
Eucoilinae species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae) parasitoids of fruit-infesting dipterous larvae in Brazil: identity, geographical distribution and host associations.
Los Charipinae son una subfamilia cosmopolita perteneciente a los Figitidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea), caracterizada biologicamente por ser hiperparasitoides de Hemiptera.
Coiba, Panama) (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae, Eucoilinae).
Although ibaliids are not very closely related to cynipids, the unresolved status of higher-level relationships in the Cynipoidea makes it difficult to find a better outgroup at present (cf.