Cynology


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Cynology: Cynologist
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cynology

 

the scientific study of dogs. Cynology studies the anatomy and physiology of the dog (including regularities of higher nervous activity and behavior) and the origin and evolution of domestic breeds. It explores the raising, breeding, feeding, and general care of dogs. Cynology also studies the training and use of dogs as pets and for various work purposes, such as hunting, herding, guarding, and tracking. Cynology is the basis of contemporary dog raising.

In the USSR, cynology is taught in the departments of hunting at higher and secondary institutions of learning. Cynological research is conducted at the All-Union Scientific Research Institute for Hunting and Fur Farming. Extensive work in cynology is carried out by service dog clubs of the All-Union Voluntary Society for Cooperation with the Army, Air Force, and Navy (DOSAAF) and by the cynological sections of hunting societies. Leadership is provided by the Central Service Dog Club of DOSAAF and by the All-Union Cynological Council of the Central Board for Forest and Wildlife Reservations and Hunting Areas of the Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR. These organizations also establish the standards for dog breeds that are raised in the USSR; they set up the regulations of cynological work.

The International Cynological Federation, with members from cynological institutions of 34 countries, has a scientific commission dealing with the study of dogs. The International Cynological Federation consists of cynological organizations from ten countries.

REFERENCES

Müller, G. Zdorovaia sobaka (Kinologiia). Vitebsk, 1929. (Translated from German.)
Knorr, G., and I. Seupel. Aufzucht von Hunden, 2nd ed. Vienna, 1965.
Okhotnich’e sobakovodstvo. [Compiled by A. V. Platonov.] Moscow, 1966.
Sluzhebnaia sobaka. Edited by V. N. Zubko. Moscow, 1970.
Okhotnich’e sobakovodstvo SSSR. Kirov, 1971.

A. T. VOILOCHNIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Recently both hunting and cynology have turned into widespread leisure activities in both Lithuania and Russia, not to mention English-speaking countries where these hobbies are well-known for centuries.
"On the first day, the world champions in 20 breeds were announced," said Avram Petkov, Chair of the Bulgarian Republican Federation of Cynology.
The money will be transferred to the Bulgarian Cynology Club.