Cyprian Kamil Norwid

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Norwid, Cyprian Kamil


Born Sept. 24, 1821, in Las-kowo-Gluchy, near Warsaw; died May 23, 1883, in Paris. Polish writer.

Norwid studied in a Gymnasium and art schools from 1831 to 1840. In 1842 he went abroad, where he became acquainted with A. Mickiewicz, J. Słowacki, F. Chopin, Z. Krasiński, and A. I. Herzen. He traveled extensively and endured great poverty; from 1877 he lived in an asylum. Norwid published very little of his poetry and prose during his lifetime, and many works have been lost. His main themes are the history of civilization, the individual, Christianity and humanitarianism, and the relation of art to life. In his poetry, romantic exuberance and an emotional approach to life were tempered by philosophic generalization, resulting in an ironic perception and evaluation of life’s contradictions. Among his best works are the poetic cycle Vade mecum (1865–66), the philosophical poem A Dorio ad Phrygium (1871), and the tragedies Behind the Scenes (1865–66), Cleopatra (1870–72), and The Society Lady’s Ring (1872).


Dzieła zebrane, vols. 1–2. Warsaw, 1966.
Pisma wszystkie, vols. 1–11. Warsaw, 1970–71.
In Russian translation:
Stikhotvoreniia. Moscow, 1972.


Lipatova, A. V. “Ts. K. Norvid.” In Istoriia pol’skoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
Wyka, K. C. Norvid. Krakow, 1948.
Borowy, W. O Norwidzie. Warsaw, 1960.
Nowe studia o Norwidzie. Warsaw, 1961.
Cyprian Norwid: W 150–lecie urodzin. Warsaw, 1973.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cyprian Kamil Norwid also offers a breadth of experience.
Cyprian Kamil Norwid Building the Barricade (Budujqc barykade) is a welcome addition to the limited poetry in English by Anna Swirszczynska (hereafter Swir).
Jozef Tokarzewicz wrote these words about Cyprian Kamil Norwid in an obituary notice.
by Cyprian Kamil Norwid Translated by Leo Yankevich
Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1856) competes with Juliusz Slowacki and Cyprian Kamil Norwid for the title of the greatest poet of Polish Romanticism.
By Cyprian Kamil Norwid. Translated by Adam Czerniawski (Poetry Book Society Recommended Translation).
He also extolled the classical heritage of such nineteenth-and twentieth-century poets as Adam Mickiewicz, Juliusz Slowacki, Cyprian Kamil Norwid, and Boleslaw Lesmian.