Cysticercosis


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Related to Cysticercosis: Neurocysticercosis

cysticercosis

[¦sis·tə·sər′kō·səs]
(medicine)
The infestation in humans by cysticerci of the genus Taenia.

Cysticercosis

 

a cestodiasis of man and animals.

In man, cysticercosis is caused by infestation with pork tapeworm larvae. The mature helminth is parasitic only in the small intestine, but its larvae, called cysticerci, are found in the muscles and subcutaneous and other tissues of swine and, less commonly, in other animals and in man (seeTAPEWORM INFECTIONS). The cysticerci usually lodge in the eye, brain, and spinal cord, beneath the skin, and in muscles. Accordingly, cysticercosis is manifested by headaches and, sometimes, by convulsions, mental disorders, and eye lesions. Treatment is surgical; that is, the cysticerci are removed. Anthelmintics are prescribed when the cysticerci are in the intestines.

Preventive measures include the regular sanitary inspection of meat, the detection and treatment of infested individuals, the provision of instruction in health education, the consumption only of thoroughly cooked pork, the observance of good personal hygiene, and the sanitary maintenance of cattle.

Cysticercosis in animals is caused by tapeworms of the genera Taenia and Taeniarhynchus of the family Taeniidae. Occurring everywhere, they infest goats, sheep, cattle, horses, swine, dogs, camels, and some rodent species. Mature helminths parasitize the intestines of carnivorous animals (seeTAPEWORM INFESTATION OF ANIMALS). Animals become infested by consuming feed or water contaminated by the eggs of the parasites. The cysticerci develop in the skeletal and masticatory muscles, heart, tongue, brain, and other organs and tissues. Signs of the disease are usually absent. Some cysticercal species kill sheep and rabbits. No treatment has yet been developed.

Preventive measures include the extermination of stray dogs, the worming of work dogs and the provision of heated living quarters, and the veterinary supervision of the slaughter of livestock, the disposal of measly organs, and the burial of carcasses.

REFERENCE

Leikina, E. S. Vazhneishie gel’mintozy cheloveka. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Though these infections might be rare among people who live in countries where pigs do not have contact with human faeces, cysticercosis can be acquired anywhere in the world.
The teniasis-cysticercosis complex in cattle occurs in two distinct forms: teniasis which is characterized by human infection with the adult form of Taenia saginata, and cysticercosis which is caused by the larval stage of this tapeworm that occur in various bovine organs and tissues.
The two major zoonotic diseases that would involved the application of supplemental incision examinations in postmortem inspection regulated by EU legislation are tuberculosis and swine cysticercosis [23].
Oral cysticercosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1995;79(5):572-7.
In favorable conditions, larva penetrates the intestinal mucosa and migrates throughout the body to produce human cysticercosis. These cysts can be located in almost all human tissues; however, on attaining maturity, these cysts are more commonly found in CNS.
Cysticercosis in rabbits: incidence and lesions of the naturally occurring disease in young domestic rabbits.
Although taeniasis or cysticercosis has been included in one of the short listed diseases considered to be eradicable in the short term, no sustainable eradication has been achieved.
The Taenia solium cysticercosis affects millions of people worldwide and is considered a public health problem, especially in developing countries.
Autochthonous cases of intestinal Taenia solium infections were not registered, but 36 serologic tests for cysticercosis were conducted at NCIPD by clinical indications and positive results in ELISA were found in 2 patients with clinical manifestations of neurocysticercosis.
Escobar, "The pathology of neurocysticercosis," in Cysticercosis of the central nervous system.
Cysticercosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease that seriously harms human health and is distributed in many developing countries or areas in Latin America, Africa, and Asia [1-3].
duodenale.[3] Despite the incongruence, it is not that surprising because cysticercosis is endemic in developing countries whose economy depends mainly on agriculture such as Philippines.[4] While there are many municipalities and provinces converting their agricultural lands into other uses, Bagac, Bataan, which is very rich in agricultural and aquatic resources, is an exception.