Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Cytisus: Sarothamnus scoparius



(broom), a genus of deciduous and, less commonly, evergreen plants of the family Leguminosae. The plants are low shrubs or, rarely, small trees, measuring up to 3 m tall and sometimes having small thorns. The leaves are ternate or, less commonly, entire. The flowers are yellow or white and are gathered into axillary racemes or terminal heads. Purple and pink flowers are occasionally encountered. All the stamens are fused. The elongate pods are dehiscent and one-, two-, or many-seeded. The seeds are kidney-shaped and flat and have an aril.

The genus Cytisus has about 30 species (according to some data, as many as 60), distributed in Southern Europe, Central Europe, Western Siberia, and Northwest Africa. The USSR has about 20 species, which grow in steppes and forests, on rocky and limestone slopes, and on riverbank sands. The most widespread species is C. ruthenicus. The plants yield a substantial amount of nectar. Some species are raised as ornamentals. Many are poisonous, since they contain the alkaloid cytisine, which raises blood pressure and stimulates respiration.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Hedero-Ericetum is not only the first degraded plant community of Asplenio-Quercetum suberis in the Sierra de Espadan; it is also present as a seral state of Minuartio-Quercetum, although impoverished in scrubs such as Cytisus villosus or Ruscus aculeatus (Merle & Ferriol, 2008).
Ademas, estas mieles tambien cumplen los requerimientos geograficos por poseer un espectro con formas polinicas que engloban a especies propias de la Peninsula Iberica, y por la presencia de los tipos Hypecoum imberbe, Prunus spinosa, Cistus ladanifer, Cytisus scoparius, y Mentha aquatica senalados por otros autores ya referidos.
For clay soils: abutilon, camellia, chaenomeles, clematis, cotoneaster, cytisus, garrya, hedera, hydrangea, jasminum, lonicera, magnolia, polygonum, pyracantha, vitis.
2]) 60 60 50 100 No de taxones 13 16 12 17 No de orden 1 2 3 4 Caracteristicas de asociacion y unidades superiores Cytisus oromediterraneus 3 4 4 5 Avenella iberica 2 2 1 2 Orobanche rapum-genistae + + .
In Australia, the native hemiparasitic vine, Cassytha pubescens (Loranthaceae), modifies interactions among three nonnative species: a pollinator (Apis mellifera), a seed predator (Bruchidius villosus), and the invasive legume Cytisus scoparius (Prider et al.
Layer low-growing shoots of shrubs including deciduous azaleas, magnolias and cytisus to increase your stock ?
Marquier, "Light-dependent development of two competitive species (Rubus idaeus, Cytisus scoparius) colonizing gaps in temperate forest," Annals of Forest Science, vol.
Instead, choose insect-pollinated trees and shrubs, all the ones that we know are attractive to bees and butterflies - azalea, berberis, buddleia, ceanothus, cistus, cornus, cotoneaster, cytisus, escallonia, fuchsia, hebe and holly.
March-May and plantation islets October-November throughout the study area Tetraclinis July-October 5 (Oula de Ziyane articulata and El Kifane forests) Cytisus arboreus February-April 4 (Malal, Ain Aouka and Lavandula forests and Nkia) stoechas Primus dulcis February-April 3 (Ain hamra), 4 (Aknoul), and 2 (Ajdir) Table 3.