broom

(redirected from Cytisus scoparius)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Cytisus scoparius: Scotch broom

broom,

common name for plants of two closely related and similar Old World genera, Cytisus and Genista, of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family). They are mostly twiggy leguminous shrubs with abundant yellow or white (in Cytisus, purple also) pealike blossoms. The common, or Scotch, broom (Cytisus scoparius) is naturalized in parts of North America; the tops have been much used as a diuretic. The Canary broom, or so-called genista of florists, is Cytisus canariensis, a yellow-flowered evergreen shrub. Species of the genus Genista include Genista tinctoria, called also dyer's-greenweed, which yields yellow-to-green dyes. Other plants are also called broom. Broom is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
Enlarge picture
broom

broom

Pretty shrub 8-11 ft (3.5m) with massive amounts of yellow flowers and seed pods that turn black later in year. When they burst open to release the legume-like seeds, they make a loud cracking sound. A very hardy plant that can withstand temperatures up to -25°C! A very invasive plant overtaking hillsides. Seeds can be ground and used as coffee substitute. Used for urinary tract problems, increase urine flow and regulate heart. Do not take if you have renal (kidney) problems. Contains toxic alkaloids that depress the heart and nervous system.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

broom

1. To press a layer of roofing material against bitumen which has just been applied, in order to achieve proper and complete bond between the roofing plies.
2. To brush the scratch coat of plaster with a broom to improve the mechanical adhesion of the brown coat, thus producing a broom finish.
3. To spread the head of a timber pile by impact.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

broom

traditional representation of humility. [Plant Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 167]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

broom

1. any of various yellow-flowered Eurasian leguminous shrubs of the genera Cytisus, Genista, and Spartium, esp C. scoparius
2. any of various similar Eurasian plants of the related genera Genista and Spartium
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
IVI was recorded maximum in trees, shrubs and herbs of Robinia pseudoacacia, Cytisus scoparius and Tulipa stellata, respectively.
This specialist of genistoid legumes has been released for the biological control of Scotch broom, Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link, in the Pacific Northwest (Coombs et al.
Strong density dependence has been demonstrated in several invasive plant populations, such as the woody species Cytisus scoparius (Paynter et al., 2003) and Mahonia aquifolium (Auge and Brandl, 1997), and the herbaceous species Alliaria petiolata (Winterer et al., 2005), Brassica tournefortii (Trader et al., 2006) and Tripleurospermum perforatum (Buckley et al., 2001).
Rydw i'n deall fod y banadl (Cytisus scoparius), y farchredynen (Dryopteris filix-mas), y goesgoch (Geranium robertanium) a'r gwyddfid (Lonicera periclymenum) i gyd wedi cael eu defnyddio i drin 'Tan Iddew'.
Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius), with pretty yellow flowers, and purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria and related species) are examples.
Cytisus Scoparius. Usually flowers in May, and bears a mass of yellow flowers.
Present-day vegetation is mostly exotic pasture, with scattered gorse (Ulex europaeus), broom (Cytisus scoparius), and native shrub species.
These species include: Cytisus scoparius (Waloff and Richards 1977), Mirabilis hirsuta (Kinsman and Platt 1984), and both Hazardia (Haplopappus) squarrosus (Louda 1982a, c) and Isocoma (Haplopappus) veneta (Louda 1983).
Peneda-Geres, Porta de Lamas do Mouro, 29TNG6655, 860 m, granitos, matorral de Cytisus scoparius, 2-V-2013, Burgaz, MACB 106194; N.