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Related to Cytologic examination: exfoliative cytology


1. a mass of salivary matter ejected from the mouth
2. saliva ejected from the mouth mixed with mucus or pus exuded from the respiratory passages, as in bronchitis or bronchiectasis



pathological secretions from the respiratory tract that are discharged with a cough; they are the product of the overactivity of the mucous glands. Sputum often contains epithelial cells, bits of lung tissue, blood, and pus. The amount of sputum, as well as its appearance, is important in the diagnosis of disease.

Sputum may be mucous, purulent, serous, bloody, or mixed. Rusty sputum (sputum mixed with and colored by blood) is a sign of lobar pneumonia. Abundant purulent sputum is characteristic of a ruptured abscess in the lungs. Gray, dirty, malodorous sputum appears when there is putrefactive decomposition of lung tissue.

Sputum may be examined in a laboratory with the aid of a microscope and also by bacteriological and cytological analyses. Laboratory examination makes it possible to detect pathogenic microorganisms (including the causative agent of tuberculosis), cells of malignant tumors, and certain other elements that are characteristic of certain diseases, and to determine the sensitivity of bacterial flora to antibiotics.


Material discharged from the surface of the respiratory passages, mouth, or throat; may contain saliva, mucus, pus, microorganisms, blood, or inhaled particulate matter in any combination.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other diagnostic procedures to be considered include ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirate of the organ(s) of concern and subsequent cytologic examination and bacterial culture.
In the current era of avoiding duplicate testing, and with growing pressure on physicians to reduce testing in general, cytologic examination should not be sacrificed in the interest of cost containment.
Cytologic examination with cotton swab smears and direct impression smears routinely used to identify M.
Cytologic examination of peritoneal fluids forms part of the staging process for ovarian cancer and influences therapeutic interventions (3).
Abnormal exfoliated cells can be routinely identified by cytologic examination of brushings and fluids, for instance, from bronchi, pancreatic ducts, voided urine, and effusions.
If we accept that the lead time to ICC is 8 to 30 years, (15) repeat cytologic examination will (except in the cases of extremely aggressive cancers) be able to detect progression or persistence of abnormal lesions at several interventional points.
Cytologic examination of the aspirated material revealed numerous extracellular, round-to-oval, encapsulated yeast measuring 3-8 [micro]m (5-30 pm including capsule) with a variably granular appearance and narrow-based budding, consistent with Cryptococcus species (Fig 5).
The cytologic examination of body fluids is of distinct value in confirming or disapproving malignant metastatic tumors to the cavities.
Consistent with this hypothesis, in our case the cytologic examination of urine failed to detect any miillerian-type epithelia.
Cytologic examination of the pleural fluid is rarely useful.
It has been suggested that cytologic examination of NAF collected from asymptomatic women might be a useful tool for breast-cancer risk assessment.