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Related to Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Cytomegalovirus infection, Mycobacterium avium complex


Inflammation of the retina.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the retina, generally in both eyes. It results from purulent infection of the retinal vessels caused by sepsis, a purulent focus, tuberculosis or other infectious diseases, or poisoning. Retinitis is usually accompanied by inflammation of the choroid (chorioretinitis). A characteristic development is the appearance of scotomata, or areas of depressed vision within the visual field that correspond to the inflammatory focus in the fundus of the eye. If treatment is inadequate, the depression of vision becomes permanent. Treatment depends on the causative disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lee, "Risk factors for cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with cytomegalovirus viremia after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation," Ophthalmology, vol.
Rao, "Cytomegalovirus Retinitis and Response to Therapy with Ganciclovir," Ophthalmology, vol.
Danis, "Long-term outcomes of cytomegalovirus retinitis in the era of modern antiretroviral therapy: results from a United States Cohort," Ophthalmology, vol.
Incidence of cytomegalovirus retinitis in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Emergence of drug-resistant cytomegalovirus retinitis in the contralateral eyes of patients with AIDS treated with ganciclovir.
Cytomegalovirus retinitis in immunosuppressed hosts: ocular manifestations.
Foos, "Concurrent herpes simplex and cytomegalovirus retinitis and encephalitis in the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)," Ophthalmology, vol.
This can result from a cytomegalovirus retinitis in a patient who is immunocompromised.
Visual loss in patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome before widespread availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Other viral conditions such as cytomegalovirus retinitis and herpetic acute retinal necrosis are typically aggressive and unremitting, and resolution results in retinochoroidal pigmentary changes or retinal detachment.