Cyzicus


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Cyzicus

(sĭz`ĭkəs), ancient city, NW Turkey, at the neck of the Cyzicus Peninsula. Strategically located, it rivaled Byzantium in commercial importance. Founded (756 B.C.) by Greek colonists from Miletus, it was a member of the Delian League. In 410 B.C., Alcibiades defeated a Spartan fleet off Cyzicus, and in 74 B.C. the city withstood a siege by Mithradates VI of Pontus. As a reward for its loyalty, it became a free city under Roman rule. In A.D. 675 the town was pillaged by the Arabs and then used as a base for a siege of Constantinople. There are ruins of a large temple built by Roman Emperor Hadrian and of other public buildings.

Cyzicus

 

(Greek, Kyzikos), an ancient Greek city on the southern shore of Propontis (Sea of Marmara), founded in the eighth or seventh century B.C. by colonists from Miletus. Cyzicus was one of the large commercial centers of antiquity. Its coins were widespread in the ancient world from the seventh to the fourth century B.C. The city belonged to the Delian League. Alcibiades was victorious over the Spartans in 410 B.C. at Cyzicus. The city was finally conquered by the Romans in A.D. 25. Beginning with Diocletian’s reign, Cyzicus was the capital of the province of Hellespont. The city was destroyed in 544 by an earthquake.

REFERENCE

Hasluck, F. W. Cyzicus. Cambridge, 1910.

Cyzicus

an ancient Greek colony in NW Asia Minor on the S shore of the Sea of Marmara: site of Alcibiades' naval victory over the Peloponnesians (410 bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2011, field investigators at Oak Mountain State Park in Shelby County, Alabama, encountered specimens of the clam shrimp, Cyzicus mexicanus (subphylum Crustacea, class Branchiopoda, order Diplostraca, family Cyzicidae.
1; and Gelasius of Cyzicus, Ecclesiastical History 2.
If a firm date for the base's establishment is elusive, in the early 3rd century Cyzicus still harbored an unspecified fleet (Misene?
BALIKESIR, Jul 8, 2010 (TUR) -- Archaeological excavations have begun in the ancient city of Cyzicus near Erdek town of the northwestern province of Balikesir.
He used Cyzicus mexicanus and was the first to obtain trackways made, under water, on a mud-silt sediment mixture for the substrate.
Basil of Caesarea, his classmate Gregory of Nazianzus, Basil's younger brother Gregory of Nyssa, and Aetius's student Eunomius of Cyzicus, whom pro-Nicene leaders accused of dangerously adapting the (already "heretical") teachings of Arius, all came from Cappadocia and gained ecclesiastical authority in the later fourth century.
88-136 Theodosius II or Valentinian III (425-450), mint of Cyzicus (Williams and Zervos 1989, no.
Among the arthropods, only the conchostracan Cyzicus hierosolymitanus [9] has hemoglobin with higher affinity (P50 = 0.
38) Fragments from Deiochus' On Cyzicus concern the adventures of the island city's eponymous hero, a son of Apollo, and his encounter with the Argonauts.
This is worth far more to me than the knowledge of the strategy that won the battle of Cyzicus.
Principal battles: Potidaea (near Thessaloniki) (432); Delium (424); Abydos (Kanakkale) (411); Cyzicus (410); Ephesus (406).
A palynoflora and megaflora (Dunay and Fisher 1979; Dunay and Traverse, 1971) also have been reported from the strata as has the conchostracan (clam shrimp) Cyzicus (Murry, 1989).