Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


a. of, relating to, or characteristic of the Czech Republic, its people, or its language
b. of, relating to, or characteristic of Bohemia and Moravia, their people, or their language
c. (loosely) of, relating to, or characteristic of the former Czechoslovakia or its people
2. the official language of the Czech Republic, belonging to the West Slavonic branch of the Indo-European family; also spoken in Slovakia. Czech and Slovak are closely related and mutually intelligible
a. a native or inhabitant of the Czech Republic
b. a native or inhabitant of Bohemia or Moravia
c. (loosely) a native, inhabitant, or citizen of the former Czechoslovakia
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Czechs, one of the official languages of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (the other is Slovak).

Czech is spoken in Czechoslovakia (in Bohemia, Moravia, and part of Silesia) and abroad (in the USA, Austria, Canada, and other countries) by approximately 10 million people (1974, estimate). Czech, which belongs to the West Slavic group of languages, has four groups of dialects: (1) the Bohemian dialects—central (with Prague as the center), southwestern, and northeastern; (2) the Haná (central Moravian) dialects; (3) the Lach dialects (in northeastern Moravia and in Silesia); and (4) the Moravian Slovak dialects (in eastern Moravia to the borders with Slovakia).

The Czech sound system is characterized by the presence of short and long vowels, which, like the diphthong ou, are phonemically distinctive, and by the presence of syllabic r and l. There are only three pairs of hard and soft consonants (n/n’, t/t’, and d/d’). Most consonants are paired as voiced-voiceless. Typical of Czech is the alternation of short and long vowels and consonant alternation. Stress is dynamic and always falls on the first syllable of a word; a secondary stress occurs in polysyllabic words. The morphological system is distinguished by a diversity of declensional and conjugational types. The noun is marked for the categories of gender, number, and case (six cases and a vocative form); masculine nouns are also marked for animateness. All relative, and some qualitative, adjectives are used only in the long form. The verb is marked for the categories of aspect, voice, mood, tense, person, and number; participles and adverbial participles are marked for gender.

The Czech literary language was formed on the basis of the central Bohemian dialect. The earliest written records date from the late 13th century. The written language of the first half of the 19th century was purely a bookish, literary form. The colloquial form of the modern literary language arose in the mid-19th century and existed side by side with everyday speech forms. The writing system is based on the Latin alphabet; diacritical marks are used to indicate sounds specific to the Czech language.


Selishchev, A. M. Slavianskoe iazykoznanie, vol. 1. Moscow, 1941.
Shirokova, A. G. Cheshskii iazyk. Moscow, 1961.
Cheshsko-russkii slovar’, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1973.
Havránek, B., and A. Jedlička. Česká mluvnice, 3rd ed. Prague, 1970.
Šmilauer, V. Nauka o českém jazyku. Prague, 1972.
Bauer, J., and M. Grepl. Skladba spisovné češtiny. Prague, 1972.
Lamprecht, A. Historický vývoj češtiny. Prague, 1977.
Příruční slovník jazyka českého, parts 1–8. Prague, 1935–57.
Holub, J., and F. Kopečný. Etymologický slovník jazyka českého. Prague, 1952.
Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, vols. 1–4. Prague, 1958–71.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He noted that Azerbaijan and the Czech Republic are strategic partners, and mutual visits and meetings are a clear confirmation of this.
He informed that a delegation comprising array of entrepreneurs and potential investors have also arrived in Islamabad, yesterday that would meet representatives of Chambers of Commerce and Trade in Islamabad and Lahore to discuss prospects of future economic cooperation between Czech Republic and Pakistan.
Apprising the delegation about immense economic opportunities arising out of the economic reforms introduced by the government and the CPEC, the Speaker said that Czech investors must seize those opportunities for mutual benefit of both the countries.
CBC facilitates favourable conditions for sharing information and experiences that are vital for doing business in the UAE and supporting Czech companies entering the UAE market.
This event, which is very popular in the Czech Republic, will contribute to the promotion of the Tunisian destination in the various media and among the Czech and Slovak public, Ben Yedder emphasizes.
In April 2018, The Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic supported a plan to lift a ban on the export of equipment to the Bushehr nuclear power plant in Iran.
Michal Bobek said that Czech Republic had established textile industry during the age of industrialization and it was now focusing on R and D.
Pakistan currently imports most of these products from China which can also be provided by Czech Republic at competitive rates with European quality and standards', he added while sharing his views at a meeting his visit to Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI)
Czech immigrants have greatly contributed to development of Chicago on many levels.
Prague [Czech Republic], Sep 07 ( ANI ): President Ram Nath Kovind on Thursday stressed on strengthening economic ties between India and the Czech Republic during his three-day visit to the central European country.
What was the reason for the initial resistance to establishing connections with the Czech Republic?
In Slovakia and the Czech Republic, the share of those who claim to buy only local food is below 3 percent.