Cherkasy

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Cherkasy

(chĭrkä`sē), city (1989 pop. 290,000), capital of Cherkasy region, in central Ukraine, a port on the Dnieper River. Situated on the shore of the Kremenchuk Reservoir, Cherkasy has food processing, chemical-fiber, and fertilizer industries. Founded at the end of the 13th cent., Cherkasy was a fortress in the 14th cent. and served as the seat of the Ukrainian hetmans of right-bank UkraineUkraine
, Ukr. Ukraina, republic (2005 est. pop. 47,425,000), 232,046 sq mi (601,000 sq km), E Europe. It borders on Poland in the northwest; on Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova in the southwest; on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov in the south; on Russia in the
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 from 1386 to 1694. The city passed to Russia in 1793.