Chernivtsi

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Related to Czernovitz: Chernovtsy, Chernovitz

Chernivtsi

(chĭrnĭft`sē), Ger. Czernowitz, Romanian Cernauţi, Rus. Chernovtsy, city (1989 pop. 257,000), capital of Chernivtsi region, SW Ukraine, on the Prut River and in the Carpathian foothills. It is a rail junction and the economic, cultural, and scientific center of the region of BukovinaBukovina
, Rom. Bucovina, Ukr. Bukovyna, historic region of E Europe, in SW Ukraine and NE Romania. Traversed by the Carpathian Mts. and the upper Prut and Siretul rivers, it is heavily forested [Bukovina
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. Industries, which include woodworking and food processing, are powered by a nearby hydroeletric station. One of Ukraine's oldest towns, Chernivtsi was part of Kievan RusKievan Rus
, medieval state of the Eastern Slavs. It was the earliest predecessor of modern Ukraine and Russia. Flourishing from the 10th to the 13th cent., it included nearly all of present-day Ukraine and Belarus and part of NW European Russia, extending as far N as Novgorod
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. It passed to Austria in 1775 and in 1849 became the capital of Bukovina. During the 19th and early 20th cent., the city was a center of a Ukrainian nationalist movement. With the dissolution of Austria-Hungary in 1918, Chernivtsi was transferred to Romania, which held it until the USSR seized N Bukovina in 1940. The city has a university (est. 1875), a 13th-century fortified castle, a 17th-century wooden church, and a 19th-century Orthodox Eastern cathedral.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the early morning hours of 4 June, short concentrated bursts of artillery drum fire wracked the entire Austro-Hungarian front from the Styr River to Czernovitz in the Bukovina, signaling commencement of the long-anticipated attack.
The major objectives of the breakthrough were to persuade Romania to join the Entente, to take control of the approaches to Hungary by seizing the capital city of Czernovitz (the economic, administrative, cultural, communication, and transport center of the Bukovina), to turn the Habsburg right flank, and to divert attention from the main Russian thrust at Lutsk.
21) However, instead of utilizing the breakthrough to roll up the Habsburg flank, the Russians turned their attention to seizing Czernovitz.
Dieses Jahr in Czernowitz/ This Year in Czernovitz explores the life and legacy of what was once a vibrant city in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and which at certain points in its tumultuous history belonged to Romania, Russia, and now Ukraine.
Titles from peripheral cities of the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy (from Czernovitz or Bratislava) are excluded.
Boris Garfunkel partio de Kamenetz, Podolia, el 1 de julio de 1891, viajando en carruaje hasta Czernovitz, poblacion a la que arrivo luego de cruzar la frontera ruso-austriaca; desde alli viajo por tren a Berlin y luego a Hamburgo, donde se embarcaria rumbo a la Argentina.