Karl Czerny

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Czerny, Karl

(chĕr`nē), 1791–1857, Austrian pianist; pupil of Beethoven and teacher of Liszt. He is known for his technical studies for the piano; his numerous other works are seldom performed.

Czerny, Karl


Born Feb. 20,1791, in Vienna; died there July 15, 1857. Austrian pianist, teacher, and composer. Czech by nationality.

Czerny was initially taught by his father, Wenzel Czerny; from 1801 to 1803 he studied with L. van Beethoven. He established the Viennese school of piano playing of the first half of the 19th century. His pupils included F. Liszt, T. Leschetizky, T. Döhler, T. Kullak, and A. de Belleville-Oury.

Czerny is the author of more than 1,000 compositions, including symphonies and religious and chamber music. The bulk of his oeuvre consists of works for the piano, among them arrangements and transcriptions of compositions by other composers. His numerous exercises are still used in piano teaching. Czerny’s compositions and his approach to pianistic technique reflect both classical and romantic influences and a striving for a lyric and expressive style of playing.


“Recollections From My Life.” The Musical Quarterly, 1956, vol. 42, no. 3.


Roizman, L. “Karl Cherni i ego redaktsii klavirnykh sochinenii I. S. Bakha.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1940, no. 10.
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Is this indeed the same Carl Czerny whose "Art of Finger Dexterity" has been inflicted on piano students since time immemorial, and who wrote etudes with endearing titles such as "A Quiet Hand, with the Fingers Active to the Utmost" and "The Lightest Touch, with the Fingers at the Highest Speed"?
But when writing about the German baroque or the early galant (or even about Schubert), some of these experts accept without comment a source such as Daniel Gottlob Turk (1750-1813)--who in 1789 (the publication year of his Klavierschule) was even further removed from those worlds than Czerny from his.
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Composers with the greatest representations include Beyer, Burgmuller and Czerny, but major composers such as Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, Debussy, Mozart, Schubert and Schumann are also represented.
Czerny quien analizo desproporciones territoriales en el desarrollo dentro de los territorios nacionales y las politicas regionales (Czerny, 1980, 1985, 1986).
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