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Częstochowa (chĕNˌstəkôˈvə), city, Śląskie prov., S Poland, on the Warta River. It is an important railway and industrial center, known especially for its iron and steel plant and iron-smelting works. Other industries include iron-ore mining, food processing, sawmilling, and the manufacture of chemicals and textiles. Iron ore is mined in the vicinity. Częstochowa is a celebrated religious center, and a world-famous place of pilgrimage. Its monastery stands on the Jasna Gora [mountain of light] and contains an image of Mary known as the Black Madonna, supposedly painted by St. Luke and brought to Częstochowa in the 14th cent. In 1655, when Charles X of Sweden overran Poland, the prior and a handful of soldiers defended the monastery and its relic for 40 days until the Swedes abandoned the siege. Fired by what they thought to be a miracle, the Polish people rose to successful resistance. The event figures prominently in Henryk Sienkiewicz's novel The Deluge. The monastery was again defended against the Swedes in 1702. Venerated as the “Queen of Poland,” the image became the national symbol of Poland.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in southern Poland. Population, 203,000 (1976). The capital of Częstochowa Województwo, Częestochowa is a transportation junction. It has large linen and woolen mills and an iron and steel plant. It also manufactures glass, matches, building materials, and food products. Częstochowa is the center of an iron-mining region.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fitch expects Czestochowa to continue its healthy operating performance in 2017-2019.
What really draws the interest of Filipino pilgrims to Czestochowa, apart from it being Pope John Paul II's favorite pilgrim destination, is the marked presence of their kabayan.
"The ratings take into account Czestochowa's satisfactory operating performance in 2009-2010, although weaker than in 2005-2008, its prudent financial management and debt policy and sound liquidity," Fitch explained.
Luke was said to have made two copies, one now residing in Bologna, Italy; the other, in the possession of the Pauline monks, was said to have traveled from Jerusalem, to Constantinople, and then to Czestochowa.
In 1H17 Czestochowa's operating balance was PLN68.5 million (PLN65.8 million in 1H16), supported by the city's stance on expenditure control and growing tax revenue (3.5% growth year-on-year driven by personal and corporate income tax).
Her funeral was held Friday, July 27, from Henry-Dirsa Funeral Home, Worcester, with a Mass, in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, Worcester.
with a Mass at 10 AM Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward St.
A Mass of Christian Burial will be held 10:00 AM, Monday, April 18, from the funeral home in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward Street, Worcester, MA, followed by internment in Notre Dame Cemetery.