D-factor

D-factor

D-factor
The difference between the values of “time altitude minus pressure altitude” taken at two different times in flight. It is the difference between indicated height and true height when an aircraft is flying over the sea. Also called D-value.
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Leveraging patented M2M authentication technology, Device Authority's D-FACTOR authentication engine identifies devices to establish trust between endpoints, gateways and applications.
For IoT, D-FACTOR eliminates the vulnerabilities and inefficiencies of static keys and certificates by transforming devices into dynamic keys for authentication and device-derived crypto applications.
Therefore, in order to unambiguously determine the effect of design parameters on the characteristics of the MMDL it is preferable to use the integrated measure of the DL quality--so-called D-factor, which is calculated as the product of delay time of the MMDL and its bandwidth
The rating action was motivated by Unnim's long-term issuer default rating (IDR) of BB+ and a discontinuity factor (D-Factor) of 41.5%.
A certified Life Coach through the International Coaching Federation, Battista is also a Master Practitioner at administering an Energy Assessment - "The D-Factor" - which helps clients pinpoint exactly why they are or are not "date-able" and what types of messages they unconsciously broadcast to the opposite sex based on their thoughts, feelings, actions and attitudes.
But there's a double helping of the D-factor with the latest Polo GTI "pocket rocket" from the Volkswagen camp.
The credit rating agency has also revised the discontinuity factor (D-Factor) to 23.8% from 22%.
The Pfandbriefe rating reflects Berlin Hyp's AA- long-term issuer default rating and its discontinuity factor (D-Factor) of 7.3%, Fitch added.
Furthermore, the OFs' rating mirrors the company's A+ long-term issuer default rating (IDR) and discontinuity factor (D-Factor) of 13.1%, Fitch added.
"The rating is based on EFG's Long-term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) of 'BB+' and a Discontinuity Factor (D-Factor) of 45%, the combination of which allows the mortgage covered bonds to achieve a maximum rating of 'BBB' on a probability of default basis (PD), provided over-collateralisation (OC) is sufficient to sustain the corresponding stress scenario," Fitch explained.
Caja Navarra's long-term IDR and the discontinuity factor (D-Factor) of 40.8% for the covered bonds reduces the covered bonds rating to a maximum of AA- on a likelihood of default basis (PD), if overcollateralisation (OC) between the cover assets and the covered bonds is sufficient to maintain this level of stress, Fitch said.
The covered bond rating factors in NBG's long-term issuer default rating (IDR) of BBB and a Discontinuity Factor (D-Factor) of 25.3%, the combination of which enables the mortgage covered bonds to be rated as high as A+ on a probability of default (PD) basis, provided over-collateralisation (OC) is sufficient to sustain the corresponding stress scenario, Fitch said.