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name for a palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
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 (Phoenix dactylifera) and for its edible fruit. Probably native to Arabia and North Africa, it has from earliest times been a principal food in many desert and tropical regions. For some 4,000 years it has been grown near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It is cultivated in many other warm regions, including parts of the SW United States and Mexico.

The trees sometimes reach a height of 100 ft (30.5 m) and yield fruit for generations. Staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers are borne on separate trees, and pollination of those grown commercially is usually done by hand. Seedless dates may be produced without pollination but they are inferior. Heavy, pendant clusters of the sweet, nutritious fruits are produced; the yield after maturity (10 to 15 years) is usually from 100 to 200 lb (45–90 kg) or more per tree annually. Each fruit is 1 to 3 in. (2.54–7.6 cm) long, reddish brown or yellowish brown, and somewhat cylindrical or oblong. When ripe, the bunches of fruit are cut intact from the palm and matured in a warm place.

In the Old World, a sugar and a fermented drink are made from the sap of the date palm and other species of Phoenix, and the seeds are sometimes roasted and used as a coffee substitute or pressed for oil, leaving a residue useful for stock feed. The wood of the trunk is often used in construction and the leaves are used for weaving mats and baskets.

Dates are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the fruit of the date palm. Dates are eaten fresh or dried and are used to make various dishes. They are a major food in the Arabic countries, where no fewer than 100 dishes are made from them. They contain 62–71 percent sugar, 1–2.5 percent protein, and 2.5 percent fat. Depending on the variety of date palm, the fruits dry out slightly or remain soft.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(convention, data)
A string unique to a time duration of 24 hours between 2 successive midnights defined by the local time zone. The specific representation of a date will depend on which calendar convention is in force; e.g., Gregorian, Islamic, Japanese, Chinese, Hebrew etc. as well as local ordering conventions such as UK: day/month/year, US: month/day/year.

Inputting and outputting dates on computers is greatly complicated by these localisation issues which is why they tend to operate on dates internally in some unified form such as seconds past midnight at the start of the first of January 1970.

Many software and hardware representations of dates allow only two digits for the year, leading to the year 2000 problem.

Unix manual page: date(1), ctime(3).
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, Datar says she thinks of cellular agriculture as part of a "portfolio approach" to "reducing our reliance on the more negative methods of producing food."
Datar said he was told that the stone slabs had symbols that read like 'HO U,' prompting the resident to say, pun intended, that pre-Hispanic settlers used present day text message language ('Hu u?'/Who [are] you?
In conclusion, I highly recommend Winand, Vicziany and Datar's The European Union and India: Rhetoric or Meaningful Partnership?
They are often perceived as being lazy, having no self-control, and ugly (Datar, 2004; Eime, 2013).
At the conclusion of the programme, Michael Accad, Gulf Bank's Chief Executive Officer said, "We were very pleased to have the opportunity to benefit from Professor Datar of Harvard Business School's world class guidance.
It is situated close to Batu Sangkar within the Minangkabau heartland known as Tanah Datar (flat land).
The article is written by Pravin Datar, Director, SAP BusinessObjects Planning and Consolidations Solution Management.
Based on the bestselling book 'Rethinking the MBA; Management Education at a crossroad' by renowned Harvard Professor Srikant Datar who was personally present and led the proceedings, the workshop titled 'Rethinking Management Education with Innovation and Creativity', saw some of India's top academic personalities like Dr Samir Barua, Director, IIM-A, Prof.
Patent 7,846,393 (December 7, 2010), "Membrane Filter for Capturing Circulating Tumor Cells," Yu-Chong Tai, Siyang Zheng, Henry Lin, Ram Datar, and Richard Cote (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA, and the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA).
"The latest growth number reinforces the view that although growth is slowing down, it is not collapsing as feared by some," said Ashutosh Datar, economist at IIFL in Mumbai, who said another 25 basis point increase at the central bank's next policy review on September 16 was likely.