genetic fingerprinting

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genetic fingerprinting

[jə¦ned·ik ′fiŋ·gər‚print·iŋ]
(forensic science)
A forensic identification technique that enables virtually 100% discrimination between individuals from small samples of blood or semen, using probes for hypervariable minisatellite deoxyribonucleic acid. Also known as DNA fingerprinting.
(cell and molecular biology)
Identification of chemical entities in animal tissues as indicative of the presence of specific genes.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Half of all children had outside fathers, according to those DNA analyses. Adult females mated on the side to boost genetic diversity within their home groups, the researchers suggested.
Through DNA analyses of affected and unaffected family members, the scientists have now found a gene responsible for the syndrome.
The Myriad investigators unearthed the gene through DNA analyses of large Mormon families in Utah that maintain detailed genealogical records.
Now, scientists at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena have demonstrated a new microchip that can make such DNA analyses 100 times faster, while requiring samples of only one-millionth as much genetic material.
Hanlon is beginning DNA analyses to determine paternity and whether the circling, sneaking, or offshore-mating tactic is best.
Similar chromosome 6 findings come from two additional DNA analyses of families with multiple schizophrenic members.