Xu, "Application of a novel IWO to the design of encoding sequences for DNA computing
," Computers & Mathematics with Applications, vol.
The novelty of this paper is threefold: (1) it is a good attempt to integrate fractional-order hyperchaotic system and DNA computing
to enhance the security of image encryption; (2) the simple pixel diffusion can spread the little change in one pixel to all other pixels; (3) several permutation operations performed at different levels can further improve the security.
It is a universal DNA computing
model which can be realized in biology.
With the development of DNA computing
, some researchers have proposed algorithms based on DNA sequences for the operations of addition and subtraction, based on the basic principles of binary addition and subtraction [9,10].
In the first experiments on DNA computing
, scientists focused on NP-problems.
: Foundations and Implications for Computer Science.
can be successfully combined with other bioinspired computing techniques as the evolutionary computing, quantum computing, particle swam optimization, and others .
is an inter-disciplinary area concerned with the use of DNA molecules for the implementation of computational processes.
In 1999, a new model of DNA computing
(sticker model) was introduced by Roweis et al.
[9.] Xing Wang and Qiang Zhang, DNA computing
based Cryptography, Fourth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing, 2009.
Tenth International Meeting on DNA Computing
(DNA10), Milano, Italy.
Although DNA has been used for encryption in the past, this is the first experimental demonstration of a molecular cryptosystem of images based on DNA computing
. Instead of using traditional computer hardware, a group led by Professor Ehud Keinan of Scripps Research and the Technion created a computing system using bio-molecules.