genetic fingerprinting

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genetic fingerprinting

[jə¦ned·ik ′fiŋ·gər‚print·iŋ]
(forensic science)
A forensic identification technique that enables virtually 100% discrimination between individuals from small samples of blood or semen, using probes for hypervariable minisatellite deoxyribonucleic acid. Also known as DNA fingerprinting.
(cell and molecular biology)
Identification of chemical entities in animal tissues as indicative of the presence of specific genes.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Dallas, "Monitoring otter populations by DNA typing of spraints," IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin, vol.
Recognising the potential of DNA Technology, in the case of People v Wesley (18) it was observed that 'DNA Typing is the single greatest advance in the "search for truth" ...
But these otherwise very different books nevertheless produce two shared insights into DNA typing. The first, likely transmitted inadvertently, is that forensic DNA typing is inherently political.
The NRC report is replete with both general and specific declarations that frame the accuracy and reliability of DNA typing as the new standard for forensic investigations.
The isolates were subjected to 18S ribosomal DNA typing (15) and all were found to be T4 sequence genotypes.
The advent of DNA typing to the sequence level and the discovery that some HLA-B27 subtypes confer protection against SpA (14,16,19,21,24,26-29) provides the rationale for research in this area.
DNA profiling (also called DNA testing, DNA typing, or genetic fingerprinting) is a technique employed by forensic scientists to assist in the identification of individuals on the basis of their respective DNA profiles.
Along with key cases, he details such techniques as Alphonse Bertillon's program of physical measurements used to recognize habitual criminals; the study of fingerprints; Phillip Gravelle's comparison microscope for examining bullets; the development of bloodstain identification; and recent advances in DNA typing techniques, blood-spatter analysis, and face-pattern recognition.
Biofortuna, based at Merseybio, has pioneered the procedures and methods applicable to anti-body screening and DNA typing.