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(1) (Digital Video Recorder) A device that records video from up to a dozen or more surveillance cameras onto a hard disk. The frame rate can be switched from real time to time lapse in order to save storage space. Digital recorders are more flexible than earlier analog VHS tape systems, and the video can be easily transmitted over a computer network. See CCTV.

(2) (Digital Video Recorder) Also known as a "personal video recorder" (PVR) or "hard disk recorder," a DVR is a consumer device that allows the viewer to pause and rewind any broadcast, cable or satellite TV program as well as record and play back selected programs (see live pause). An order of magnitude more flexible than earlier videocassette tape recorders (VCRs), an entire season of programs from one or more favorite series can be recorded.

DVRs may be built into the set-top box or replace the box using plug-in modules (see CableCARD). They store incoming digital TV signals on the hard disk as well as digitize analog TV into the MPEG-2 format. The video may be compressed to maximize storage space.

Part of the Service or Stand-Alone
The DVR periodically downloads channel program guide updates as well as software updates for the unit itself. When the DVR is integrated into the cable or satellite set-top box, the downloads ride the same medium as the TV service. When the DVR is stand-alone, the downloads come in via the home network.

Before the Turn of the Century
DVRs first came on the market in 1999 with products from ReplayTV and TiVo ( They quickly made the VCR obsolete for timeshifting TV programs, and Tivo became the DVR leader. ReplayTV was later acquired by SONICblue, D&M Holdings and eventually the DirecTV satellite TV service ( See cloud DVR, multi-room DVR sharing, live pause, DVD recorder and networked DVR. Contrast with NVR.

This earlier DVR from ReplayTV appears in front of the Find Shows screen, which enables a viewer to search for programming throughout the week by keyword. (Image courtesy of ReplayTV.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Use Multiple DVR Expanders to Record, Archive and Organize Your Shows
Respondents also feel that owning a DVR has led them to watch more interesting programmes (64%)
Running out of recording space on a DVR is the biggest complaint we hear about DVRs," said Mike McCandless, Apricorn's VP of Sales and Marketing.
Simple to install and easy to use, the DVR Xpander can be set up in minutes.
DVR owners with partners say that having a DVR makes for a happier home life
More than 80% of Americans say that they can't live without a Digital Video Recorder (DVR), according to a new survey of DVR owners commissioned by NDS, the leading provider of technology solutions for digital pay-TV.
Added Sakamoto, "The Panasonic P-DVR is an example of Panasonic's drive to expand its consumer electronics offerings and support the Comcast AnyPlay initiative in the digital cable area; first with our Tru2way enabled HD-DVR set top box (Panasonic TZ-PCH-2180), next with the tru2way powered Plasma TV, and now with the portable DVR with tru2way technology.
DVR Xpander comes in a sleek aluminum enclosure, measures 4.
The easy to use DVR Xpander comes with stand, eSATA cable, AC power adapter and Quick Start Guide.
Nigel Smith, Vice President, NDS Broadband Internet Group, commented: "Distributed DVR and ShareTV are powerful NDS innovations allowing IPTV operators to introduce TV recording and sharing of archived TV content at a fraction of the cost of providing a typical network DVR system using VOD servers and large amounts of dedicated bandwidth.
Comcast expanded its purchase agreement for a number of OCAP-based set tops including Motorola's "Follow Me TV" multi-room DVR technology.