Dachau


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Dachau

(dä`khou), city, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Amper River; chartered in 1391. It is a rail junction and its industries include the production of paper, cardboard, electrical equipment, and textiles. There is a 16th-century castle. Nearby was (1933–45) the first Nazi concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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, which today has a number of memorials and a museum. Records indicate that at least 32,000 inmates died at the Dachau concentration camp, and numberless more were transported to extermination camps in Poland.

Dachau

 

the first concentration camp in Nazi Germany. Established in March 1933 on the outskirts of the town of Dachau (17 km from Munich).

During the period of the camp’s existence a total of 250,000 persons from 24 countries were imprisoned there, including some from the Soviet Union. Approximately 70,000 were brutally tortured or killed at Dachau, 140,000 were transported to other concentration camps, and 30,000 lived to be liberated. Criminal “medical experiments” were conducted on people in Dachau. During World War II (1939–45) the concentration camp had about 125 camp divisions and so-called external detachments at military enterprises in southern Germany and Austria. An underground organization of prisoners that was operating in Dachau under the leadership of an international committee staged an insurrection on Apr. 28, 1945, the day before the arrival of American troops, thus foiling the Nazi plan to annihilate all prisoners who were still alive. In 1960 a monument was unveiled to those who perished at Dachau.

REFERENCES

SS v deistvii. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from German.)
Hess, S. Dachau: Eine Welt ohne Gott. Nuremberg [1946].

A. B. GERMAN

Dachau

primarily work camp, experienced share of Nazi horrors. [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 1055]

Dachau

a town in S Germany, in Bavaria: site of a Nazi concentration camp. Pop.: 39 474 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, McManus does not explain why he focuses on Ohrdurf, Buchenwald, and Dachau.
Five weeks after Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, he established the Dachau camp 10 miles northwest of Munich, at first to hold about 5,000 political prisoners, mostly Communists, Social Democrats and others who opposed the Nazi philosophy.
Stevens was not alone in despising and blaming the Germans for their leaders' evil crimes against humanity that he witnessed at Dachau.
Max Mannheimer, the 93-year-old president of the Dachau camp committee, has long lobbied for Merkel to go to the camp, which is near Munich in southern Germany.
The Dachau experience is worse than any horror film.
Dachau has a variety of hotel options ranging from four-star hotels to hostels.
We were worked to death there," Moshe Sanbar, a former governor of the Ban= k of Israel who is a survivor of the Dachau concentration camp, told Britai= n's Daily Mail newspaper.
Gordon, 29, who lives in Munich, knows everything there is to know about the dark history of the horrific Dachau concentration camp.
A plaque is to be unveiled at Dachau next month to commemorate the bravery of four girl secret agents captured by the Nazis and executed in the concentration camp.
2) Dachau, for instance, by the end of the 1930s was opening its gates several times each week to German guests as well as international delegations, and many camps were the subjects of newspaper and magazine articles--often including photographs--that appeared both at home and abroad (Wollenberg 38; Gellately 51-69).
Until They Told You What it Did to Rachel": and you never even thought about it, / never once considered / how your offhand comparison / to those who had slaughtered / her aunts and uncles / in Dachau, Auschwitz, Treblinka // discounted unfathomable loss, / trivializing her heartbreak / with your careless use / of that one small word.