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Dachau(dä`khou), city, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Amper River; chartered in 1391. It is a rail junction and its industries include the production of paper, cardboard, electrical equipment, and textiles. There is a 16th-century castle. Nearby was (1933–45) the first Nazi concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
..... Click the link for more information. , which today has a number of memorials and a museum. Records indicate that at least 32,000 inmates died at the Dachau concentration camp, and numberless more were transported to extermination camps in Poland.
the first concentration camp in Nazi Germany. Established in March 1933 on the outskirts of the town of Dachau (17 km from Munich).
During the period of the camp’s existence a total of 250,000 persons from 24 countries were imprisoned there, including some from the Soviet Union. Approximately 70,000 were brutally tortured or killed at Dachau, 140,000 were transported to other concentration camps, and 30,000 lived to be liberated. Criminal “medical experiments” were conducted on people in Dachau. During World War II (1939–45) the concentration camp had about 125 camp divisions and so-called external detachments at military enterprises in southern Germany and Austria. An underground organization of prisoners that was operating in Dachau under the leadership of an international committee staged an insurrection on Apr. 28, 1945, the day before the arrival of American troops, thus foiling the Nazi plan to annihilate all prisoners who were still alive. In 1960 a monument was unveiled to those who perished at Dachau.
REFERENCESSS v deistvii. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from German.)
Hess, S. Dachau: Eine Welt ohne Gott. Nuremberg .
A. B. GERMAN