Dachau


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Dachau

(dä`khou), city, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Amper River; chartered in 1391. It is a rail junction and its industries include the production of paper, cardboard, electrical equipment, and textiles. There is a 16th-century castle. Nearby was (1933–45) the first Nazi concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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, which today has a number of memorials and a museum. Records indicate that at least 32,000 inmates died at the Dachau concentration camp, and numberless more were transported to extermination camps in Poland.

Dachau

 

the first concentration camp in Nazi Germany. Established in March 1933 on the outskirts of the town of Dachau (17 km from Munich).

During the period of the camp’s existence a total of 250,000 persons from 24 countries were imprisoned there, including some from the Soviet Union. Approximately 70,000 were brutally tortured or killed at Dachau, 140,000 were transported to other concentration camps, and 30,000 lived to be liberated. Criminal “medical experiments” were conducted on people in Dachau. During World War II (1939–45) the concentration camp had about 125 camp divisions and so-called external detachments at military enterprises in southern Germany and Austria. An underground organization of prisoners that was operating in Dachau under the leadership of an international committee staged an insurrection on Apr. 28, 1945, the day before the arrival of American troops, thus foiling the Nazi plan to annihilate all prisoners who were still alive. In 1960 a monument was unveiled to those who perished at Dachau.

REFERENCES

SS v deistvii. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from German.)
Hess, S. Dachau: Eine Welt ohne Gott. Nuremberg [1946].

A. B. GERMAN

Dachau

primarily work camp, experienced share of Nazi horrors. [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 1055]

Dachau

a town in S Germany, in Bavaria: site of a Nazi concentration camp. Pop.: 39 474 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In April of 1981, while traveling through Germany, I visited Dachau. The overcast sky seemed identical to the one in the photos my father had taken some 36 years earlier.
In addition to the prison, Dachau was the training center for the SchutzStaffel - SS - concentration camp guards.
Stevens was not alone in despising and blaming the Germans for their leaders' evil crimes against humanity that he witnessed at Dachau. The Allied governments and their people heaped collective guilt on the German people throughout 1945.
Max Mannheimer, the 93-year-old president of the Dachau camp committee, has long lobbied for Merkel to go to the camp, which is near Munich in southern Germany.
Following the institutionalisation of racial discrimination, concentration camps were constructed all over Germany; Dachau was the model.
Although packaged group tours are available, Dachau is easily accessible.
"We were worked to death there," Moshe Sanbar, a former governor of the Ban= k of Israel who is a survivor of the Dachau concentration camp, told Britai= n's Daily Mail newspaper.
Of those, at least 25,000 died in the camp and another 10,000 perished in Dachau's satellite camps, mostly from disease, starvation, suicide and of course mass murder.
Dr Hugo Steinberg's remarkable account of his time in Dachau in 1938 was handed down to Beaumont Park resident Muriel Connally.
In the newly renovated Kindergarten St Hildegard in Dachau, Germany, a laminated glass balustrade has recently been installed incorporating 'Seeds of the Future', a composition in DuPont[TM] Sentry Glas[R] Expressions[TM] decorative laminated glass.
March 20: 1933: The Nazis opened their first concentration camp at Dachau near Munich.
Sherman's screenplay preserves this scene, in which two gay inmates at Dachau, under close scrutiny by their Nazi guards, stand adjacent during a hard-labor break and talk each other to sexual climax.