Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
See P. MacKendrick, The Dacian Stones Speak (1975).
a Roman province created by Emperor Trajan in 106 A.D. after Roman armies had conquered the territory of the Dacians. It consisted of part of the territory of modern Rumania (Transylvania, Banat, and Oltenia). It was of great strategic-military and economic importance for the Roman Empire. One reason why Dacia was conquered is that it had rich deposits of gold. Colonists from all over the empire settled in Dacia, and it underwent considerable Romanization. The most famous cities of Dacia were the capital of Sar-mizegethusa, Drobetae, Apulum, Porolissum, and Romula. Surrounded by barbarian tribes, Dacia was subjected to constant invasions. In 271 the Roman emperor Aurelian decided to evacuate the Roman troops and the civilian population to the right bank of the Danube, where on the territory of Moesia and Thrace he created two new right-bank provinces: Dacia Ripensis and Dacia Mediterranea. A part of the former Romanized population evidently remained in left-bank Dacia, which was now occupied by the Goths, Vandals, Gepidae, Carpi, and Sarmatians.
IU. K. KOLOSOVSKAIA