Dacians


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Related to Dacians: Getae

Dacians

 

a group of North Thracian tribes. According to ancient authors, such as Strabo, Caesar, and Pliny the Elder, they occupied the territory north of the Danube to the spurs of the Carpathian Mountains, that is, mainly the territory of modern Transylvania. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Dacians and the tribes of the Getae united under the leadership of D. Burebistas and spread their power over the tribes of the right bank of the Danube and over several West-Pontic cities of Greece. But the union was shaky and soon disintegrated. The Dacian union achieved its greatest power at the end of the first century A.D. under Decebalus. At this time classes were already relatively well developed among the Dacians, and according to some scholars a slave-owning state had already formed. From the first century B.C. through the first century A.D., under the emperors Augustus, Nero, and Domitian, the Romans undertook a series of campaigns against the Dacians. In wars in 101–102 and 105–106, during the reign of Emperor Trajan, the Dacians lost their independence, and their country became the Roman province of Dacia.

Since the 1950’s Rumanian archaeologists have been excavating Dacian fortresses and settlements in the Orastie Mountains.

REFERENCES

Kruglikova, I. T. Dakiia v epokhu rimskoi okkupatsii. Moscow, 1955.
Kolosovskaia, Iu. K. “K istorii padeniia rimskogo gospodstva v Dakii.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1955, no. 3.
Kolosovskaia, Iu. K. “O romanizatsii Dakii.” Ibid., 1957, no. 1.
Daicoviciu, H. Dacii. Bucharest, 1965.
Tudor, D. Istoria sclavajului in Dacia romana. [Bucharest] 1957.

IU. K. KOLOSOVSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
In his wanderings he met Celts and he may have learned Gaelic, which was, of course, less complicated than today's French, closer to Latin, and, hence, to the Dacian language, as Gonzague de Reynold states.
Like Alexander, Burebista achieved amazing results, though by different means, creating a great Dacian power, which some historians called an empire (Dragan, 1976: 258-259).
The titles were short and highly evocative; The Column, The Dacians, Burebista, etc.
Nonetheless the book was a compulsory reading in literature textbooks in the same way as large groups of school children escorted by their teachers were ritually presented several times a year with films such as The Dacians, The Column or Burebista.
The theory that saw the ancient Dacian pattern prevailing over Rome, the central model of Romanian civilization, was one of many Ceausescu's means of celebrating his own victory over Romania' s prestigious European relatives.
In pre-communist Romania, such attempts to reconstruct the presumed Dacian matrix were promptly relegated to the realm of national mythology.
A cohort of Dacians worked on the building of Hadrian's Wall and Birdoswald became the home of what was known as the First Cohort of Dacians, Hadrian's Own, consisting of 1,000 infantry.
Although they were at Birdoswald for 200 years, they never forgot their roots, with the Dacian curved sword being carved on building inscriptions.
A gravestone from Birdoswald is to a child called Decebalus, after the Dacian king.
Some of the Dacians' names are recorded on gravestones, including that commemorating a child named Decebalus, after the Dacian king.
One gravestone is that of Aurelius Concordius, the infant son of the commander of the Dacian garrison, Aurelius Julianus, whose name appears on tablets marking the building of granaries at the fort.
Another tombstone commemorates a soldier called Septimus, aged 40, who served for 18 years with the Dacian cohort.