Dacryoadenitis


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Related to Dacryoadenitis: canaliculitis

Dacryoadenitis

 

inflammation of a lacrimal gland.

Dacryoadenitis rarely occurs. The acute form usually originates in infection; it is manifested by edema of the lacrimal gland, conjunctiva, and eyelids, pain in the eye, and sometimes exophthalmos and deviation of the eyeball downward and inward. It is treated by antibiotics and ultrahigh-frequency therapy. Chronic dacryoadenitis develops against a background of generalized illness (for example, tuberculosis or syphilis); enlargement of the lacrimal gland proceeds slowly and inflammatory phenomena are weakly expressed. Treatment aims at elimination or the primary disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
5) Among sclerosing lesions of the orbit, IgG4-secreting plasma cells have been documented in allegedly chronic sclerosing dacryoadenitis, which in one report served as the soil out of which emerged 3 lacrimal gland IgG4-positive lymphomas (2 extranodal marginal zone and 1 follicular lymphoma).
Other causes of KCS include immunomediated dacryoadenitis, distemper virus infection (due to inflammation generated by direct action of virus in the conjunctival cells), congenital acinar hypoplasia, chronic blepharoconjunctivitis (due to entropion, ectropion, trichiasis and atopy), protrusion of the third eyelid gland, traumatic proptosis (GRAHN & STOREY, 2004).
Various ocular disease entities have been linked to EBV, including oculoglandular syndrome, (4) keratitis, (5) uveitis, (6,7) dacryoadenitis, (8) and conjunctivitis.