Dada


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Related to Dada: surrealism, dadaism

Dada

(dä`dä) or

Dadaism

(dä`däĭzəm), international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the recitation of nonsense poetry by the Romanian Tristan TzaraTzara, Tristan
, 1896–1963, French writer, b. Romania. He studied at the Univ. of Zürich, where he and his friends formulated the dadaist movement initially as a pacifist statement (see Dada).
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, also the author of the Dada Manifesto. Dada attacked conventional standards of aesthetics and behavior and stressed absurdity and the role of the unpredictable in artistic creation. In Berlin, Dada had political overtones, exemplified by the caricatures of George GroszGrosz, George
, 1893–1959, German-American caricaturist, draughtsman, and painter, b. Berlin. Before and during World War I he contributed drawings on proletarian themes to Illustration and other German periodicals. He was associated with the Dada group at that time.
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 and Otto DixDix, Otto,
1891–1969, German painter and draftsman. Dix fought in World War I and returned to Düsseldorf haunted by the horrors he had witnessed. In 1924 he published War, a series of 50 etchings, horrifying visions of war's victims executed with great clarity.
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. The French movement was more literary in emphasis; it centered around Tzara, André BretonBreton, André
, 1896–1966, French writer, founder and theorist of the surrealist movement. He studied neuropsychology and was one of the first in France to publicize the work of Freud.
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, Louis AragonAragon, Louis
, 1897–1982, French writer. One of the founders of surrealism in literature, Aragon abandoned that philosophy for Marxism after a trip to the USSR in 1931.
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, Jean ArpArp, Jean or Hans,
1887–1966, French sculptor and painter. Arp was connected with the Blaue Reiter in Munich, various avant-garde groups in Paris, including the surrealists, and the Dadaists in Zürich.
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, Marcel DuchampDuchamp, Marcel
, 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase,
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, Francis PicabiaPicabia, Francis
, 1878–1953, French painter, b. Paris. After working in an impressionist style, Picabia was influenced by cubism and later was one of the original exponents of Dada in Europe and the United States.
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, and Man RayRay, Man,
1890–1976, American photographer, painter, and sculptor, b. Philadelphia. Along with Marcel Duchamp, Ray was a founder of the Dada movement in New York and Paris. He is celebrated for his later surrealist paintings and photography.
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. The latter three carried the spirit of Dada to New York City. Typical were the elegant collages devised by Arp, Kurt SchwittersSchwitters, Kurt
, 1887–1948, German artist, b. Hannover. Influenced by Kandinsky, by Picasso's reliefs, and by Dada constructions, he invented Merz [trash] constructions—arrangements of diverse materials and objects.
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, and Max ErnstErnst, Max
1891–1976, German painter. After World War I, Ernst joined the Dada movement in Paris and then became a founder of surrealism. Apart from the medium of collage, for which he is well known, Ernst developed other devices to express his fantastic vision.
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 from refuse and scraps of paper, and Duchamp's celebrated Mona Lisa adorned with a mustache and a goatee as well as his Fountain (1917), a urinal signed "R. Mutt." Dada principles were eventually modified to become the basis of surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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 in 1924. The literary manifestations of Dada were mostly nonsense poems—meaningless random combinations of words—which were read in public.

Bibliography

See R. Short, Dada and Surrealism (1980); S. C. Foster, ed., Dada-Dimensions (1985); H. Richter, Dada: Art and Anti-Art (1985); R. Motherwell, ed., The Dada Painters and Poets (1951, 2d ed. 1989); A. Codrescu, The Posthuman Dada Guide (2009); J. Rasula, Destruction Was My Beatrice (2015).

Dada

, Dadaism
a nihilistic artistic movement of the early 20th century in W Europe and the US, founded on principles of irrationality, incongruity, and irreverence towards accepted aesthetic criteria
www.peak.org/~dadaist/English/Graphics
References in periodicals archive ?
Dada Vaswani, who is all praise for the Rulers of the UAE, says, "The Rulers here have great reverence for the ideals of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), the Truthful and Honest One.
Later, Dada Dhyan Chand had invited Dada Kishen Lal and me to his official residence in Safdar Ganj (Military Barracks) for lunch, a big honour considering he was in very close circles of the then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Although they were feminists and subversive critics of the Dada boys' club, the six "mamas" often found themselves paired with larger-than-life Dada husbands.
Philip Kuai, CEO of Dada, and Zhijun Wang, president of JD Daojia, will serve as CEO and president of the new company, respectively.
at Sotheby's Paris will focus on its Dada and Surrealist highlights.
De este modo nos enteramos de que en 1922 era habitual encontrar articulos sobre Dada en las paginas del Vanity Fair y de como Walter Benjamin intento adquirir una de las obras de la serie de Picabia titulada Hija nacida sin madre, pero, al no lograrlo, finalmente acabo adquiriendo el Angelus Novas de Klee.
Mr Davies confirmed that the DADA competition will return for 2016, with entries already open.
Once Dada Miyan Came to Sakkhar (now in Pakistan) to Ibadt-o-Riyazat, From Baghdad Sharif & have settled in, Sakkhar king of that time came from Pakistan to the Syed family, had to Gift Jageerein, Dada Miyan heirloom had left Delhi in the Mughal-time There .
Before delving into considerations of Dada and Surrealism, Elder opens with a brief chapter on the crisis in the "authority of reason" engendered by the proliferation of mathematical systems, pluralities of physics, and the modern rediscovery of "primitivism" in the early twentieth century.
According to sources, Suhail Dada, a gang-war suspect was killed in an encounter with Rangers near City Station.
Dada comenzo como un movimiento anarquista de oposicion a los valores sociales imperantes y al absurdo de la Primera Guerra Mundial.
Hoch's incarnation within Dada was represented by pieces such as the collaged Portrat Gerhard Hauptmann,1919, which splices a smiling female face straight through the Weimar literary lion's wrinkled mug, or the tiny photograph Weltrevolution (World Revolution), 1920, a reworking of details from Hoch's famous photomontage Schnitt mit dem Kiichenmesser durch die letzte Weimarer Bierbauchkulturepoche Deutschlands (Cut with the Kitchen Knife Through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany), 1919.