Dadabhai Naoroji

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Naoroji, Dadabhai


Born Sept. 4, 1825, in Bombay; died there July 2, 1917. Prominent figure of the Indian national movement. Publicist and economist; one of the founders of the Indian national school of bourgeois economists. From 1885, one of the organizers and leaders of the Indian National Congress Party.

A graduate of Elphinstone College in Bombay, Naoroji was the first Indian to attain the rank of professor (1854). In 1855 he left for Great Britain, where through the Indian League he propagandized the need for reforms in India. Naoroji maintained ties with liberals and Social Democrats. He visited Great Britain on numerous occasions and lived there for many years. In 1892 he was elected to Parliament as a member of the Liberal Party. In 1904, in an address to the Amsterdam Congress of the Second International, he criticized the colonial system in India.

Naoroji’s program was one of liberal nationalism and cultural enlightenment. In his writings and speeches he criticized the colonial exploitation of India and the Indians’ lack of political rights but rejected the idea of overthrowing English colonial rule through mass action. Naoroji advanced the demand for self-rule in India within the framework of the British Empire; in his opinion, this could have been achieved gradually through the impact of propaganda by Indian national organizations on English liberal circles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Today is the birth anniversary of Dadabhai Naoroji, an ardent patriot, economic thinker and among the greatest socio-political reformers of India, whose portrait is also installed in the Central Hall of our Parliament.
He was very impressed by Dadabhai Naoroji, a Parsi from Bombay who was the first Indian to become an MP in Britain, and upon returning to India Jinnah entered the world of politics and joined the Indian National Congress.
He has shown the spirit of our late lamented leaders like Dadabhai Naoroji and Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
1892 - Dadabhai Naoroji becomes Britain's first Asian Member of Parliament.
MAKING a departure from celebrating birth and death anniversaries of the Gandhi family, the Congress party is set to mark anniversaries of its founders and stalwarts in a bid to ' connect party workers with its rich past.' While the Mumbai Congress unit is gearing up to observe the 100th death anniversary of Dadabhai Naoroji on Friday, the party headquarters ran a special social media campaign earlier on Tuesday to mark the birth anniversaries of former prime minister PV Narsimha Rao and Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
An early patriotic label depicting Dadabhai Naoroji, from c.
They are London MP Diane Abbott, the first black woman to be an MP; Paul Boateng, the former MP who became the UK's first black cabinet minister; Dadabhai Naoroji, an Indian political leader who was an MP in the 19th century, and Baroness Amos.
Chandra's co-authors point out, "India's Struggle for Independence" is the balanced treatment of all political trends, from Liberals to Socialists and Communists, and of all movements, from 1857 to Ghadar to INA, Swadeshi to Quit India, peasant and trade union movements, anti-caste movements and states' peoples' movements, and of all leaders, from Dadabhai Naoroji to Birsa Munda, and Lokmanya Tilak, and from Gandhiji and Sardar Patel to Jayaprakash Narayan and Aruna Asaf Ali."
He has been nominated for an inaugural Dadabhai Naoroji Award, launched by Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg during his visit to Mumbai in August.
The Dadabhai Naoroji Awards, dedicated to the first Asian MP in the UK, were launched by Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg during his visit to Mumbai in August.