Daedala


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Daedala

Spring
This is the name given to two festivals held in ancient Boeotia, which was a part of Greece, in honor of the reconciliation of Hera and Zeus. According to the myth, Hera and Zeus quarreled and Hera went away to Euboea and refused to return to his bed. To trick her into coming back and on the advice of Cithaeron, Zeus dressed up a carved oak-trunk to resemble a bride and let it be known that he planned to marry Plataea, the daughter of Asopus. Hera was so angry she tore the clothes from the statue, discovered the deception, and was so pleased that the two were reconciled.
The Little Daedala, held every six years, involved going to an ancient oak grove and cutting down trees for images. Every 59 or 60 years the Great Daedala was held, and all Boeotia joined in the celebration. All the images that had been collected over the years during the Little Daedala were carried to the top of Mt. Cithaeron, where they were burned on an altar along with sacrifices to Zeus and Hera.
SOURCES:
DictFolkMyth-1984, p. 273
NewCentClassHandbk-1962, p. 356
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, in Pausanias's story of Juno and Jove, he reports that the festival commemorating the reconciliation of the two divinities was called Daedala, "because the men of old time gave the name of daedala to wooden images" (9.3.2).
(17) Pausanias adds that he doesn't agree with this explanation of the name, thinking that the name was given to wooden images before Daedalus's birth and that Daedalus received the name as a surname from the daedala (Pausanias 9.3.2).
"Daedala Lingua: Crafted Speech in De Rerum Natura." AJP 126: 527-85.
En Sobre la paz perpetua, identifica a la Naturaleza con el Destino y la Providencia: "Quien suministra esta garantia [de la paz perpetua] es, nada menos, que la gran artista de la naturaleza (natura daedala rerum), en cuyo curso mecanico brilla visiblemente una finalidad: que a traves del antagonismo de los hombres surja la armonia, incluso contra su voluntad.
Navegacion, cultivo de los campos, fortificaciones, leyes, armas, calzados, vestidos y otras invenciones de este genero, asi como los goces de la vida y los refinamientos del lujo, poemas, pinturas y las estatuas pulidas artisticamente (daedala), aprendiolos el hombre, paso a paso y progresando paulatinamente (paulatim), a traves de la practica (usus) y de las experiencias del espiritu siempre activo.
Daedala is sufficiently uncommmon to remind us that it is at the approach of Venus in Book I that the daedala tellus spreads its flowers (I.7);(16) rident aequora ponti adds the author in his proem, and the generation of saecla is the outcome of this all-pervading love (I.8).
(16.) Daedala is used of earth or nature at I.7, I.228, and V.234; of artefacts at II.505 and V.1451; of the tongue at IV.551.
It is noteworthy that despite the Carmelite poet's opposition to Epicureanism, manifest in his reference to God and the saints, in his repertoire of cosmic themes he explicitly evokes Lucretius with the phrase "curiouslywrought earth" (daedala terra).
Sunt ea quae profert aer, quae parturit aequor / Quae generat pingui daedala terra sinu / Multicolor facies agri silvaeque comantes / Multisonae volucres multivagaeque ferae / Sunt sophiae partes est ingeniosa mathesis / verbaque clamosi litigiosa fori / Sunt hominum vitae; sunt digna negocia versu / plurima gesta foris, plurima gesta domi.
(9) The phrase daedala tellus also recalls Venus as does, of course, the word almae.