Falun Gong

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Falun Gong

(fä-lo͞on go͞ong), also known as Falun Dafa (dä-fä), movement promoting physical and spiritual well-being that became widespread China in the 1990s. Founded in 1992 by Li Hongzhi (1951?–), a former Changchun grain clerk, it combines exercise routines, said to provide focus for the body's energy, with a code of spiritual discipline, intended to foster physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Falun Gong's practices derive from qigong, traditional physical exercises related to tai chi, and from Buddhist and Taoist meditation techniques and spiritual elements. Practitioners cultivate moral precepts that stress zhen (truthfulness), shan (compassion), and ren (forbearance).

Falun Gong, which spread rapidly throughout China in the last decade of the 20th cent., was viewed as a cult by the Chinese government, which vehemently opposed the movement and condemned it in the media. In 1998, Li fled to the United States. His movement, however, remained strong in China and gained adherents through proselytization in the United States and other nations. Chinese members staged protests against government persecution, and in Apr., 1999, when the movement claimed to have roughly 70 million members in China, some 10,000 adherents gathered in a peaceful, silent protest outside Zhongnanhai, the large government and Communist party compound in Beijing. Now regarding the movement as threat to party rule, China outlawed it and arrested and imprisoned members. There also were and continue to be reports of the torture and killing of adherents; some 2,000 persons are believed to have died as a result of the persecution of the group. The systematic suppression of the Falun Gong in China remains a government policy.

Bibliography

See Li Hongzhi, Zhuan Falun (tr. 2000); I. Adams et al., ed., Power of the Wheel: The Falun Gong Revolution (2000); D. Schechter, Falun Gong's Challenge to China (2000); S. Spiegel, Dangerous Meditation: China's Campaign against Falungong (2002); M. H. Chang, Falun Gong: The End of Days (2004); D. Ownby, Falun Gong and the Future of China (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
Esse achado comprova que a maioria dos escolares consumiu a Merenda Escolar no dia anterior ao preenchimento do DAFA ja que, a refeicao foi composta por: arroz com ovo cozido picado, feijao, ensopado de legumes com frango (batata, abobora, cenoura, salsa, cebolinha e peito de frango cozido desfiado).
Li Hongzhi's teachings build mainly upon the long history in China of transforming oneself through the cultivation of qi, but he distinguishes his Falun Dafa from these qi-based methods, and from the qigong craze of his own time in China, by asserting that his cultivation practice transforms the self/ body through the accumulation of gong and the elimination of qi.
Abdallah and Dafa Allah -- both of whom have been granted formal refugee status -- have been in detention since their arrest without charge.
A half-brother to eight winners, including multiple Group One victor Crimplene, Al Dafa looked in need of the run when finishing fourth at Lingfield last month.
Falun Dafa is the spiritual movement that practices Falun Gong, which refers to five sets of exercises done to Chinese music and involving lotus postures and hand movements.
The women, nameless for obvious reasons, claim that a majority of the 110 practitioners of Falun Dafa who have been killed in police custody were women.
Members of the meditation-based spiritual movement Falun Dafa had staked out some real estate on a grass strip next to the court building.
16 Reuters dispatch from China reported that "Falun Gong" adherents marched behind a protest sign labeled "Falun Dafa.
Khartoum, 13 Mar, (SUNA) - The Chief Justice Prof, Haider Ahmed Dafa Alla, on Tuesday, received in his office the Ambassador of UAE to Khartoum, Hamad Al-Jenaibi.
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Curley and Dafa (Direct Aid For Africa), the charity he co-founded, are the recipients of the 2015 human life, human rights and human dignity award presented by the Oireachtas Dignity Group.