Dagestan Republic

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Related to Daghestan: Ingushetia, Chechnya

Dagestan Republic

or

Daghestan Republic

(dägəstän`), constituent republic (1999 pop. 2,074,000), c.19,400 sq mi (50,250 sq km), SE European Russia, bounded on the E by the Caspian Sea. MakhachkalaMakhachkala
, city (1989 pop. 317,000), capital of Dagestan Republic, SE European Russia, a port on the Caspian Sea. It is an important commercial and industrial center with oil refineries that are linked by pipeline with the Grozny fields.
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 (the capital) and DerbentDerbent
, city (1989 pop. 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea. It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. Orchards and vineyards are cultivated.
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 are the chief cities. Dagestan in the south consists mainly of sections of the Caucasus Mts. Except for the Caspian plain and the Nogai steppe and the irrigated lowlands in the north, the terrain is one of steep slopes and narrow valleys. Difficulty of access has left most of Dagestan's mineral resources untapped; however, important quantities of oil and natural gas have been extracted along the coast. The irrigated lowlands support winter wheat, corn, sunflowers, fruits, and wine grapes. The republic's major industries produce canned fruit, wine, oil, machines, chemicals, textiles, and wood products. However, by the end of the 20th cent. over 85% of its budget was provided by the Russian government. The Samur, Sulak, and other rivers provide hydroelectric power. Dagestan's terrain has encouraged the development of a multiplicity of ethnic groups, more than 30 in number, most of whom are Muslim. About half the population consists of indigenous Caucasian mountain peoples (Avars, Lezghians, Darghins, Lakhs); the rest is made up of Turkic (notably Kumyks) and Iranian groups (especially Tats) and, in the cities, Russians and Ukrainians.

An ancient area of human settlement, Dagestan belonged to Caucasian Albania in the 1st millennium B.C. It was later invaded by Huns, Persian Sassanids, and, in the 7th cent. A.D., by Arabs, who introduced Islam. Taken by the Turks in the 11th cent. and the Mongols in the 13th cent., the region became the center of a struggle between Turkey and Persia in the 15th cent. It was a Persian province when Russia annexed it by the Treaty of Gulistan in 1813. Muslim mountain dwellers resisted Russian domination until 1859, and a new revolt erupted in 1877, during the Russo-Turkish war of that year. Dagestan came under Soviet rule in 1920 and in 1921 was made an autonomous republic.

In 1991, the parliament of Dagestan declared the republic to be of full republic status. Dagestan was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty of federation that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The country is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; by Georgia
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). In 1999 several thousand armed members of a Chechen Muslim fundamentalist group, whose aim was to merge Dagestan with neighboring ChechnyaChechnya
or Chechen Republic
, republic (1990 est. pop. 1,300,000, with neighboring Ingushetia), c.6,100 sq mi (15,800 sq km), SE European Russia, in the N Caucasus. Grozny is the capital. Prior to 1992 Chechnya and Ingushetia comprised the Checheno-Ingush Republic.
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 in a single Islamic state, invaded S Dagestan from Chechnya. Russia responded with ground and air attacks by federal troops, and the militants retreated; the incident contributed to Russia's decision to invade Chechnya later in 1999. The subsequent fighting in Chechnya at times spilled over into Dagestan; Dagestan also has experienced violence involving local Islamic militants.

Dagestan Republic

a constituent republic of S Russia, on the Caspian Sea: annexed from Persia in 1813; rich mineral resources. Capital: Makhachkala. Pop.: 2 584 200 (2002). Area: 50 278 sq. km (19 416 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The issue was discussed March 6 by Iranian and Azerbaijani investors in the Enterprise and Investment Agency of Daghestan.
But did the tattooed Daghestan women and the Nazis use US, UK or Australian spoons in their spoon boxes?
The 11,204-ton ore carrier Daghestan was badly damaged after the collision with an oil tanker, British Dart, which was also holed.
All five Tsezic languages are spoken mostly in the south of Daghestan.
Both the Ottoman and Russian Empires were seeking their shares from a possible disintegration of Persia, especially in the Caucasus: Turkey for this purpose enlisted the support of Muslim Daghestan mountaineers, while Russia recruited supporters among Christian Armenians and Georgians.
11 February 2011 - RusRating cancelled yesterday the B+/"stable" credit rating of Daghestan Commercial Energy Bank LLC (Dagenergobank).
25) Moshe GAMMER, "The Beginnings of the Naqshbandiyya in Daghestan and the Russian Conquest of the Caucasus", Die Welt des Islams 34 (1994), pp.
In Europe, child fighters have been present in Chechnya, Daghestan, Kosovo, and Nagorno-Karabakh.
it is typical mainly of the western part of Daghestan.
All Tsezic languages are spoken on the territory of Daghestan, in Southern Russia.
They are Tatarstan in the Central Volga region, the Crimean peninsula and other parts of Ukraine, Daghestan and Azerbaijan in the Caucasus, and Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in Central Asia.
The officer was reacting to a report published by RIA Novosti, the Russian news agency, on Thursday quoting the Federal Security Service as saying that "border guards in the southern Russian republic of Daghestan have detained two people on charges of attempting to sell two girls into sex slavery in Bahrain".