That Dahomey at the time did not merit recognition as a state member of the international system is consistent with the existing literature's coding the Dahomean
war as "extrasystemic.
Among the descendants of slaves there are not only descendants of former slaves sent to the Americas (especially Brazil) who returned to Dahomey but also descendants of slaves who remained on Dahomean
As Carolyn Flick has shown in the case of Haiti and Marcus de Carvalho in the case of Pernambuco in North-Eastern Brazil, the culture of African slaves was a syncretistic mix of Dahomean
, Yoruban and West-Central African cultures (23).
Houegbadja was the third king of a royal lineage of Dahomean
monarchs, but is considered Dahomey's founder as he successfully introduced a sophisticated bureaucracy to govern the kingdom.
Islam and the worship of Yoruban Orishas or Dahomean
Voduns provided (partial) alternatives to Catholicism.
Even worse, an essay on Augusta Savage refers to Dahomean
women as "African Americans.
He was on excellent terms with DuBois, but forged close ties with the activist Kojo Tovalou Quenum, the Dahomean
, a disciple of Marcus Garvey.
However, it must be noted that there is no sense of ethnographic accuracy (although the objectivity of ethnography itself as a science has increasingly come to be questioned) in Chatwin's description of Dahomean
women and society; rather he offers a stock description of African exoticism and savagery.
Night and day, moon and sun are characteristics of Mawulisa, the Dahomean
sky goddess-god (Bu 120).
He `quoted' a speech by a Dahomean
king, Kpengla, who swore that `no Dahoman man ever embarked in war solely for the sake of procuring wherewithal to purchase your commodities'.
religion has a major god with lesser deities.
Further, she concludes that the Dahomean
rituals should be read not merely as examples of African savagery, but as a perfectly logical subversive response to the commodification of human beings by the slave trade and as an expression of flagrant expenditure that expresses opposition to the basic economic logic of capitalism.