Daina


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Daina

 

the traditional designation for the Lithuanian folk song. The types of daina known are work songs; mythological songs; ritualistic songs for religious holidays or family ceremonies (baptismals, marriages, and laments); songs about wars, the struggle against serfdom, and the revolutionary movement; songs for dance and games; young people’s songs and love songs; family, children’s, and cradle songs; drinking songs; humorous and satirical songs; those originating in literature; and songs about animals and nature.

Dainas reflect many aspects of the life of the Lithuanian people in various historical periods. The establishment of Soviet power in Lithuania gave birth to a new, Soviet popular daina. The oldest information on dainas is provided by literary texts of the tenth century. The first collection of them, prepared by L. Reza, was published in 1825. The most important collections, compiled by the brothers A. and I. Iush-ka, are Lithuanian Folk Songs (vols. 1–3, 1880–82) and Lithuanian Wedding Songs (1883). Appearing at the beginning of the 20th century were collections by I. Basanaviûius, V. Kalvaitis, A. R. Niemi, and A. Sabaliauskas. Collections that have appeared during the Soviet era are Selected Lithuanian Folk Songs (1949), edited by B. Sruogi; Selected Lithuanian Folklore (1954), whose editor in chief was K. Korsakas; Lithuanian Folk Songs (1955), edited by I. Chiurlenite; Lithuanian Folklore: Recordings 1944–56 (1957); and Sutartines (1958–59), a three-volume publication of ancient polyphonic Lithuanian folk songs, edited by Z. Slaviunas. Dainas have been translated into Russian by K. D. Bal’mont, A. A. Prokofev, and others.

REFERENCES

Reza, L. Lietuvin liaudies dainos, vol. 1. Vilnius, 1958.
Juška, A. Lietuviskos dainos, vols. 1–3. Vilnius, 1954.
Lietuvin tautosaka, vols. 1–2. Vilnius, 1962–64.
Lietuviu tautosakos apybraiza. Vilnius, 1963.
Dainuojamosios tautosakos klausimai. Vilnius, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mohammed Mubarak bin Daina, the session focused the planned projects of the road network leading to Bahrain International Airport.
Notes: deadline to submit written questions to daina denye at denye_d@cityofelgin.Org is august 16, 2016 at 5:00 pm.
A SUPREME Council for Environment delegation led by chief executive Dr Mohammed Mubarak Bin Daina yesterday visited King Fahad Causeway and inspected work at the council's office.
Mohammed bin Daina haile the success of the clean-up campaign, which attracted up to 700 particpants and volunteers, representing, government departments private estalishements and civil society institutions.
This came as His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Premier, met Supreme Council for the Environment chief executive Dr Mohammed Bin Daina at Gudaibiya Palace.
Mohammed Mubarak bin Daina, who presented a copy of a book titled "Environmental Assessment of Food Waste Management Options", which he authored in cooperation with The University of Cambridge.
SCE chief executive Dr Mohamed Mubarak Bin Daina said authorities were on high alert for an ecological crisis, with 48,000 oil tankers sailing through the Gulf every year.
Mohamed Mubarak Bin Daina, received here today the newly-appointed Board of Directors Chairman of the Gulf Aluminium Rolling Mill (GARMCO), Basim Al-Saie.
Interior Ministry police media director Colonel Mohammed bin Daina chaired the fifth meeting of the GCC Police Media Committee in Riyadh, in the presence of heads and members of GCC delegations.
Mohamad Mubarak bin Daina, Chief Executive of the Supreme Council for Environment (SCE), received in his office Howard King, British Researcher who presented to him a book entitled "Pocket Guide to the Birds of Bahrain." The book was written and prepared under the patronage of H.R.H Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa.
Mr Mohammed, his cousin Salman, 23, and friends - Mohammed bin Daina, 17, Yaqoob Al Miftah, 19, and Ahmed Sanad, 26, - hung on to a stick after their boat capsized about 20km off the Qatari coast during a pearl-diving trip on Tuesday afternoon.
Mohamed Mubarak Bin Daina received Khalil Hassan Abdullah, a senior chemist at SCE, who presented a copy of his Master's degree on the maritime environment and sustainable development.