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(both: dăk`ə), city (1991 pop. 6,844,131), capital of Bangladesh, on a channel of the Dhaleshwari River, in the heart of the world's largest jute-growing region. It is the industrial, commercial, and administrative center of Bangladesh, with trade in jute, rice, oilseeds, sugar, and tea. The city comprises three distinct sections: an old area of narrow streets and bazaars; a modern part, called Ramna, with government, tourist, and cultural facilities; and a residential and industrial community N and W of Ramna. Between Dhaka and its nearby river port of Narayanganj lies Bangladesh's greatest industrial concentration. The surrounding district is a very densely populated and fertile agricultural region that is subject to heavy monsoon floods. Dhaka's manufactures include textiles, cotton saris, jute products, rope, string, baskets, and boats. Dhaka is famous for its cottage industries (especially confectioneries) and handicrafts (particularly filigree work, embroidery, and shell carving). In the late 19th cent., competition from British cloth virtually ended the manufacture of Dhaka's world-renowned muslins.

Dhaka's history dates back to c.A.D. 1000, but the city achieved glory as the 17th-century MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 capital of Bengal. English, French, and Dutch industrialists set up factories there in the 17th and 18th cent., and Dhaka passed under British rule in 1765. It became the capital of East Pakistan in 1947. The city was surrendered by the Pakistani army to Indian troops in Dec., 1971, and a few days later became capital of the provisional government of Bangladesh. Landmarks include the Dhakeshwari ["hidden goddess"] temple, from which the city's name probably derives; the Bara Katra palace (1644); the Lal Bagh fort (1678); several beautiful mosques; and the monumental National Assembly complex (1983) designed by Louis KahnKahn, Louis Isadore
, 1901–74, American architect, b. Estonia. He and his family moved to Philadelphia in 1905, and he later studied at the Univ. of Pennsylvania. From the 1920s through World War II, Kahn worked on numerous housing projects including Carver Court (1944),
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. The Univ. of Dhaka (founded 1921) and other higher educational facilities and agriculture research institutes are also in the city.

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, Dacca
the capital of Bangladesh, in the E central part: capital of Bengal (1608--39; 1660--1704) and of East Pakistan (1949--71); jute and cotton mills; university (1921). Pop.: 12 560 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"I request you to immediately accept my resignation so that by-elections of Dakha constituency could be held along with Phagwara and Jalalabad constituencies.
The programme, narrated by another of Jo's friends, broadcaster Lauren Laverne, follows Jo on a trip to Dakha where she worked alongside charities The Hearing Fund UK and the Starkey Foundation to provide hearing aids.
The brutal terrorist attack at a restaurant in the diplomatic enclave in Dakha highlights the threat that terrorism poses to all South Asian countries.
SM le Roi Mohammed VI, a, par la suite, preside la ceremonie de signature de deux contrats programmes entre l'Etat et les regions de Dakha - Oued Eddahab et Guelmim - Oued Noun.
White (2006) wrote that in Dakha, Banladesh a large shopping complex is a waqf property, financing a large auditorium, a publication house, and a mosque and providing employment to a large number of people.
Next said "unacceptable overtime" had been identified at the factory near Dakha and added: "We're already working to improve the situation."
These include Modal Town, Azadpur, Dakha, Bunglow road, Novalty Cinema and others.
She said PTI chief selected December 16 to block Pakistan, the day of fall of Dakha. Marvi said it indicates that some foreign elements are behind the PTI chief to pursue their agenda.
DAKHA (TAP) - Cyclone Mahasen has begun striking Bangladesh's southern coast, as people packed into evacuation shelters.