Dalian

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Dalian

Dalian or Talien (both: däˈlyĕnˈ), Rus. Dalny, Jap. Dairen, city (1994 est. pop. 1,855,200), S Liaoning prov., China, on the Liaodong peninsula in the Bay of Korea. It has annexed Lüshun (Port Arthur), with which it was formerly combined into the joint municipality of Lüda. With a huge, well-protected harbor, modern freight-handling facilities, and fine rail connections, Dalian is the chief commercial port of NE China and an oil-exporting port. It is also a major industrial center with large shipyards, fisheries, an oil refinery, textile mills, chemical and fertilizer plants, and factories making locomotives, rolling stock, and electrical equipment. China's largest diamond deposit is nearby. Dalian has two sections: a former Japanese district and a Chinese residential area. The city first became important when Russia occupied it as part of the Liaodong leasehold (1898). Under the Russians the city was developed as the southern terminus of the South Manchurian RR and as the chief ice-free port on the route to Vladivostok. When the Japanese acquired the territory in 1905 (thereafter known as the Kwantung leasehold), Dalian was enlarged and modernized. In 1945, Russia occupied Dalian and received a free lease from Nationalist China on half the city's port facilities. This arrangement was continued under the Communist government, and a joint Sino-Soviet company was set up to develop shipping. Russian troops remained there until 1955. Dalian is the seat of a technical university, a medical college, and several specialized schools.
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Dalian

, Talien
a city in NE China, at the end of the Liaodong Peninsula: with the adjoining city of L?shun comprises the port complex of L?da. Pop.: 2 709 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Russians were to cede Sakhalin, transfer Port Arthur and Dalny as well as the railway between Harbin and Port Arthur, retain the Trans-Manchurian line subject to its use for nonmilitary and nonaggressive purposes, pay expenses of the war, surrender all ships interned in neutral ports, limit naval strength in the Far East, and grant fishing rights on the Russian Asiatic coast.
The closure of mines (see Map 1), particularly copper mines (Mhangura, Shackleton and Alaska) and chrome mines (Mutorashanga, Sutton and Vanad), as well as the drastic downsizing at gold mines (Muriel and Dalny) left thousands of households--most of them headed by people of Malawian, Zambian and Mozambican origin--stranded with neither a home nor a source of income (see SC-UK 2003).
Assignment number one was to lift the rails from Lauder to Alida, and Lyleton to Dalny. Thirty employees worked six months on 80 miles of track.
Capital will be used also for the completion of the main shaft system and ongoing deep level mechanization at the Dalny mine - the country's largest gold producer at the time of independence.
The Dalny operation returned to profitability in the second half of the year and seems set to continue its position as one of Zimbabwe's major gold producers (995 kg/y).