the first settlement of agriculturalists and stock-breeders in the Fergana valley in the Bronze Age (end of the second millennium B.C. and the beginning of the first millennium B.C.).In 1952, Iu. A. Zadne-provskii discovered it near the village of Dal’verzin in Andizhan Oblast. Its area is about 25 hectares. Archaeologists have uncovered the remains of three horizons with adobe buildings, hearths, and many domestic pits (used for storage of food and other household purposes). A pisé defensive wall surrounded the settlement. There is a second wall on the eastern side of the settlement. A third wall separated the northwestern part (possibly the remnants of a citadel) from the settlement. The settlement was the center of Fergana in the Bronze Age. It is one of the most important monuments of the Chust culture. It is characterized by its molded, polished earthenware with black painting on a red background. The inhabitants had developed bronze metallurgy, and they also made wide use of stone and bone implements.
REFERENCESZadneprovskii, Iu. A. “Drevnezemledel’cheskaia kul’tura Fergany.” In the collection Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, issue 118. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
IU. A. ZADNEPROVSKII