Damascus Steel


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Damascus Steel

 

carbon cast steel which, because of its particular technique of production, is distinguished by its unique surface structure and appearance (“pattern”) and by a high degree of hardness and resilience. The pattern of Damascus steel is associated with peculiarities of its smelting and crystallization. From ancient times (it was mentioned by Aristotle) it was used in the manufacture of silent weapons of exceptional strength and sharpness—blades, swords, sabers, daggers, and so on. Damascus steel was produced in India (it was called wootz), in the countries of Middle Asia and in Iran (where it was called taban or khorasan), and in Syria (where it was called Damask or Damascus steel). The first Damascus steel in Europe, similar to the best ancient eastern models, was produced at the Zlatoust Plant by P. P. Anosov.

REFERENCES

Anosov, P. P. O bulatakh, books 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1841.
D. K. Chernov i nauka o metallakh. Edited by N. T. Gudtsov. Moscow, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Saviano's latest creation is an outstanding "maidens hair'' Damascus Steel Japanese Tanto design with an 11-inch blade and an overall length of 17 inches.
David's interests roamed far and wide: he took courses in cooking (Chinese and Armenian, studying with James Beard); his field research as an artist-blacksmith in India resulted in an international symposium on Damascus steel (co-directed with G.N.
Using heat and Damascus steel, a knife maker could produce a better quality tool that would maintain its edge longer than a knife bought at a store, said Taylor, of Texarkana College.
Mosaic veneers are made of various types of wood such as walnut, Eucalyptus and rosewood, with each one having a unique color to give the patterns the desired effect.Mosaics range from simple trinkets such as boxes or frames to furniture, with some pieces inlayed with seashells.The Damascus sword is another ancient and renowned craft, mainly because of the legendary durability of the Damascus steel that is used to make them.
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"Every retailer needs new and fresh merchandise to talk about, whether Damascus steel, German steel, titanium coatings or ceramic knives." He sees lots of opportunities in cutlery in the coming year, particularly in subcategories such as shears, cutting boards and eco-friendly products.
Robin is horrified to discover Gisborne has developed an indestructible new suit of armour, made of special Damascus steel.
Archeologist Paul Gething, who makes Damascus steel hand weapons, said: "The importance of this find was akin to the discovery of weapons from Sutton Hoo."
It has a 21/2-inch drop-point blade made of Devon Thomas Damascus steel and a gunmetal gray anodized aluminum handle with a Mastodon bark ivory inlay.
Sigarms is offering a $20,000 reward for information leading to the arrest of those responsible for the theft and the ultimate return of its show gun, a custom engraved Blaser R93 named "Okavango Thunder." The rifle, along with the matching custom engraved Damascus steel knife.
Wilder-Deem is a financial consulting and investment firm that also holds Damascus Steel Castings, New Brighton, Pennsylvania.
In l982, he rediscovered the process for casting Wootz, a premier steel made in ancient India that gained renown in Europe as Damascus steel. The casting process had been lost for almost 300 years.