Taylor, Elizabeth, English novelist and short-story writer
Taylor, Elizabeth, 1912–1975, English novelist and short-story writer. Born Elizabeth Coles, she married John Taylor in 1936. She wrote a dozen novels and numerous short stories. In language that is precise, witty, and understated, her novels deftly detail the everyday lives of middle-class and upper-class Englishwomen, often beginning in the period immediately before or after World War I. Sensitive to the disappointments and frustrations of her characters, she is nonetheless ruthless in exposing their delusions and vanities. Her first novel, At Mrs. Lippincote's (1945), was followed by such works as A View of the Harbour (1947), A Game of Hide and Seek (1951), Angel (1957), The Soul of Kindness (1964), and The Wedding Group (1968). Her short-story collections include Hester Lily (1954), A Dedicated Man (1965), and the anthology Dangerous Calm (1995).
See biographies by F. Leclercq (1985), N. H. Reeve (2008), and N. Beauman (2009); N. H. Reeve, ed., Elizabeth Taylor: A Centenary Celebration (2012).
Taylor, Elizabeth, Anglo-American film actress
1932–2011, Anglo-American film actress, b. London. Regarded as one of the world's most beautiful women, Taylor went from child star and typical teenager roles to a series of ladylike roles and finally to playing worldly, sometimes shrewish women. She appeared in more than 50 films, and won Academy Awards for her work in Butterfield 8
(1960) and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1966). Her other films include National Velvet
(1944), A Place in the Sun
(1951), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
(1963), and The Mirror Crack'd
(1979). She also had leading roles on Broadway in The Little Foxes
(1981) and Private Lives
(1983). Taylor was married nine times, twice to Richard Burton
, with whom she co-starred in many films. She was active in raising money for AIDS research, and was made a Dame Commander, Order of the British Empire, in 2000.
See her autobiography (1965); biographies by C. D. Heymann (1995) and D. Spoto (1995); study by M. G. Lord (2012).
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